Share: 50 21K What are Hydrocarbons? Hydrocarbons are one of the major components of organic chemistry. They are organic compounds which are made up of hydrogen and carbon atoms. The molecular formula for these compounds is CxHy. The above-mentioned compounds play a vital role in daily life and most of them occur in nature. The […]
What is Inorganic Chemistry?
The word organic refers to the compounds which contain the carbon atoms in it. So the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of compounds, which does not consist of carbon-hydrogen atoms in it, is called as ‘Inorganic Chemistry.’ In simple words, it is opposite to that of the Organic Chemistry. The substances which do not have carbon-hydrogen bonding are the metals, salts, chemical substances, etc.
On this planet, there are known to exist about 100,000 number of Inorganic compounds. Inorganic chemistry studies the behavior of these compounds along with their properties, their physical and chemical characteristics too. The elements of the periodic table except for carbon and hydrogen, come in the lists of Inorganic compounds.
Classification of Inorganic Compounds
The organic compounds that are classified under Inorganic chemistry are:
Acids are those compounds that dissolve in water and generate hydrogen ions or H+ Ions. The examples of acids include Hydrochloric acid, citric acid, sulphuric acid, vinegar, etc. One example of the acidic reaction is shown below-
Hydrochloric acid + water → H+ + Cl
A base is a type of substance or a compound that produces hydroxyl ions when kept in water. The bases like potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, ammonia, sodium hydroxide produce OH- ions when dissolved in water.
Potassium Hydroxide + H2O → K+ + OH-
As you might be familiar with the word ‘Salt’. The substances obtained as a result of the reaction between an acid and a base are called as Salts. The table salt of the sodium hydroxide is one of the typical examples of salts.
The compounds which consist of one oxygen atom called as Oxides.
Types of Reactions and Examples
There are about four types chemical reactions of Inorganic chemistry namely combination, decomposition, single displacement and double displacement reactions.
As it is in the name ‘Combination’, here two or more substances combine to form a product which is called as Combination reaction. For example:
Barium + F2 → BaF2
It is a type of reaction where a single element splits up or say decomposes into two products. For example:
FeS → Fe + S
Single Displacement Reactions
A reaction where a single atom of one element replaces another atom of one more element. For example:
Zn (s) + CuSO4 (aq) → Cu (s) + ZnSO4 (aq)
Double Displacement Reactions
This type of reaction is also called as ‘metathesis reactions’. Here two elements of two different compounds displace each other to form two new compounds. For example:
CaCl2 (aq) + 2AgNO3 (aq) → Ca(NO3)2 (aq) + 2 AgCl (s)
Applications of Inorganic Chemistry
Inorganic chemistry finds its high number of applications in various fields such as Biology, chemical, engineering, etc
- It is applied in the field of medicine and also in healthcare facilities.
- The most common application is the use of common salt or the compound Sodium hydroxide in our daily lives.
- Baking soda is used in the preparation of cakes and other foodstuffs.
- Many inorganic compounds are utilized in ceramic industries.
- In the electrical field, it is applied to the electric circuits as silicon in the computers, etc.
Related Articles On Inorganic Chemistry
Share: 50 21K The elements present in the group 13 of the modern periodic table are known as Boron family (includes B, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Uut). These elements have 3 electrons in their outermost shell. Only one member of this family i.e. boron is typically a nonmetal. Rest of the other elements are metals. […]
Share: 50 21K Quantum numbers are basically those numbers which help us in describing the orbital occupied by an electron. It tells us the following four things- The distance of the electron from the nucleus. Shape of the orbital Position of the orbital Spin of an electron There are four quantum numbers that help us […]
Share: 50 21K The group 18 of the modern periodic table consists of noble gases. Helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon are the noble gases. These gases are monoatomic and chemically inert under normal conditions and hence are also named as inert gases. These gases are present in very small quantities in the atmosphere […]
Share: 50 21K Introduction The amount of carbon present in the earth’s atmosphere and its crust is quite low. There is only 0.02% carbon in the earth’s crust existing in the form of minerals (such as carbonates, coal, hydrogen carbonates) and 0.03% carbon in the earth’s atmosphere existing in the form of carbon dioxide. In […]
Share: 50 21K What are Isotopes? Elements which have the same atomic number but with different mass numbers are called as isotopes. Isotopes Of Hydrogen There are three isotopes of hydrogen namely, Protium 1H1 Deuterium 1H2 or D Tritium 1H3 or T. The isotopes are different because of the different number of neutrons present in […]
Share: 50 21K Hydrogen peroxide is a very useful chemical, it is colorless and often used in aqueous solution for safety reasons. It acts as a strong oxidizer, bleaching agent, and disinfectant. The chemical formula for hydrogen peroxide is , it is often referred to as water with one more oxygen atom. Let us have […]
Share: 50 21K Group 14 elements are called the carbon group of the modern periodic table. The members of this group are: Carbon (C) Silicon (Si) Germanium (Ge) Tin (Sn) Lead (Pb) Flerovium (Fl)* *Flerovium is artificially produced. Carbon (C): The most interesting element in this group is carbon. Carbon is the 17th most abundant […]
Share: 50 21K Introduction Oxygen is one of the prominent gases found in earth’s atmosphere.We all know that air surrounds us everywhere on this planet. The existence of life is impossible in the absence of air. In ancient times, the air was thought to be a pure substance but was later found to be a heterogeneous […]
Share: 50 21K Element 06: Carbon Atomic number 6 Atomic mass 12.011 g.mol-1 Electronegativity according to pauling 2.5 Density 2.2 g.cm-3 at 20 oc Melting point 3652 oc Boiling point 4827 oc Van Der Waals radius 0.091 nm Ionic radius 0.22 nm (-4) ; 0.015 nm (+4) Isotopes 3 Electronic shell [ He ] […]