The minority elements on the periodic table usually located on the upper right side are called non-metals. They have properties opposite to metals. They cannot be reshaped easily, they are poor conductors of electricity and heat. The most percent of non metal present in the atmosphere volume-wise is nitrogen. ‘
Almost 78% of nitrogen is present in the atmosphere. It is used in agriculture. Ammonia produced in industries is the key ingredient of fertilizers. Apart from this let’s see other uses of nonmetals
List of Uses of Nonmetals
Amorphous form of carbon, charcoal is used for ultrafiltration in modern water filters. Also, it is used in refrigerators to control bad odour. Below are the nonmetals uses in different fields:
- Uses of nonmetals in our daily life
- Nonmetals used in fertilizers
- Nonmetals used in crackers
1. Uses of nonmetals in our daily life:
Oxygen which is 21% by volume helps in the respiration process. It is also used for the manufacturing of steel and provides high temperatures in the metal fabrication process. Oxygen cylinders are used in hospitals.
Chlorine is useful in removing stains and colour patches as a bleaching agent. Various graded plastics and insecticides are made with chlorine. It helps in the purification of water. Adding chlorine to drinking water kills the bacteria.
Helium is used as inert gas for scientific experiments. It is also used in weather balloons.
Iodine helps to prevent throat infections and is used as an antiseptic on wounds and cuts.
2. Nonmetals used in fertilizers:
Fertilizers contain nitrogen. It helps in plant growth. It enhances the rate of plant growth. Non Metal phosphorus is also used for better plant growth. These two nonmetals play a major role in plant growth.
3. Nonmetals used in crackers:
Sulphur and phosphorus are used in fireworks.
Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
Which is non-metal?
A chemical element which does not have the properties of metal is non-metal. Hydrogen, helium, mercury, phosphorus, fluorine, neon or radon and even more are some gases. Sulfur is an example of a solid that is non-metal. Usually, non-metals are gases or brittle solids.
Which non-metal catches fire?
The type that appears most frequently at room temperature is white phosphorus. It’s extremely reactive. It merges very naturally with the oxygen in the air. When exposed to sunlight, it catches fire spontaneously. Phosphorus is a non-metal that is very reactive. If exposed to the sunlight, it catches fire. It is contained in water to avoid the interaction of phosphorus with ambient oxygen. Let us see how acids behave with metals and non-metals.
What are the uses of metal and non-metal?
For making electrical wires, cooking utensils, etc., copper is used. As a protective coating for iron, zinc is primarily used. Aluminium is used to produce electrical cables, packaging, utensils for cooking, etc. Non-metals Hydrogen is used in ammonia and methyl alcohol synthesis, in welding torches, etc.
What are the uses of metals?
Metals are very useful for individuals. They are used because they can be solid and easy to mould and make instruments. To make bridges, houses, or vehicles, iron and steel have been used. Since they are strong and will not wear away rapidly, certain metals are used to produce things like coins.
Why metals are important in our daily life?
Typically, metals are ductile, malleable, glossy, and other metals can form alloys. Iron (important for steel), aluminium, and copper are some common metals. For a high-energy world, metals are tremendously important: they move power across the electricity grid, and they have many services.
This was a brief on nonmetal uses . To know more about the uses of nonmetals download the BYJU’S – the learning app.