 # GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus

Biomedical Engineering / Medical Engineering is applying the Engineering design concepts and principles to Medicine and Biology for healthcare purposes. Learning the subject can be challenging. The best way to get an overview of the topics and concepts under the subject is to browse through this GATE Biomedical Engineering syllabus.

Candidates can scroll through the information and details provided on the web page or click on the link to get the PDF version of the GATE Syllabus for Biomedical Engineering. Find information on the GATE syllabus in this article below.

## GATE 2022 Biomedical Engineering Syllabus

GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus constitutes ten main sections, with the related sub-topics spread across main topics such as Engineering Mathematics, Electrical Circuits, Signals and Systems, Analog and Digital Electronics, Measurements and Control Systems, Sensors and Bioinstrumentation, Human Anatomy and Physiology, Medical Imaging Systems, Biomechanics and Biomaterials.

If a candidate selects Biomedical Engineering as the primary paper, then they will have to go with Biotechnology or Life Sciences as the secondary paper.

### GATE Exam 2022 Syllabus Biomedical Engineering

 Sections Topics Section 1 – Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. Differential equations: First order linear and nonlinear differential equations, higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of separation of variables, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations. Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem. Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions. Tests of Significance, statistical power analysis, and sample size estimation. Linear Regression and correlation analysis; Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, numerical solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration. Section 2 – Electrical Circuits Voltage and current sources – independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with de excitation; Kirchoffs laws, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems; Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements, Bode plot. Section 3 – Signals and Systems Continuous and Discrete Signal and Systems – Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Sampling theorem; Laplace and Fourier transforms; impulse response of systems; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, convolution, correlation. Discrete time systems – impulse response, frequency response, DFT, Z – transform; basics of IIR and FIR filters. Section 4- Analog and Digital Electronics Basic characteristics and applications of diode, BJT and MOSFET; Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer, filters and waveform generators. Number systems, Boolean algebra; combinational logic circuits – arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, encoder/decoder, MUX/DEMUX, multi-vibrators; Sequential circuits – latches and flip-flops, state diagrams, shift registers and counters; Principles of ADC and DAC; Microprocessor- architecture, interfacing memory and input- output devices. Section 5 – Measurements and Control Systems SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors; PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; de potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, Land C, Q-meter. Basics of control system – transfer function. Section 6 – Sensors and Bioinstrumentation Sensors – resistive, capacitive, inductive, piezoelectric, Hall effect, electrochemical, optical; Sensor signal conditioning circuits; application of LASER in sensing and therapy. Origin of biopotentials and their measurement techniques– ECG, EEG, EMG, ERG, EOG, GSR, PCG, Principles of measuring blood pressure, body temperature, volume and flow in arteries, veins and tissues, respiratory measurements and cardiac output measurement. Operating principle of medical equipment -sphygmomanometer, ventilator, cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator, pulse oximeter, hemodialyzer; Electrical Isolation (optical and electrical) and Safety of Biomedical Instruments. Section 7 – Human Anatomy and Physiology Basics of cell, types of tissues and organ systems; Homeostasis; Basics of organ systems – musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, gastrointestinal and reproductive. Section 8 – Medical Imaging Systems Basic physics, Instrumentation and image formation techniques in medical imaging modalities such as X-Ray, Computed Tomography, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound. Section 9 – Biomechanics Kinematics of muscles and joints – free-body diagrams and equilibrium, forces and stresses in joints, biomechanical analysis of joints, Gait analysis; Hard Tissues – Definition of Stress and Strain, Deformation Mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of bone – cortical and cancellous bones; Soft Tissues – Structure, functions, material properties, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models; Biofluid mechanics – Flow properties of blood in the intact human cardiovascular system. Section 10 – Biomaterials Basic properties of biomaterials – Metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and Composite; Fundamental characteristics of implants – biocompatibility, bioactivity, biodegradability; Basics of drug delivery; Basics of tissue engineering. Biomaterial characterization techniques – Rheology, Atomic Force Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

#### GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus Exam Pattern 2022

Candidates are urged to browse through the GATE Biomedical Engineering Marking Scheme and additional study materials to prepare more efficiently for the GATE. Meanwhile, further details of the GATE Exam pattern are also given below:

• General Aptitude(GA) Marks of Biomedical Engineering(BT) = 15 Marks
• Subject Marks = 85 Marks
• Total Marks for BT = 100 Marks
• Total Time (in Minutes) = 180 Minutes

## Frequently Asked Questions on GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus 2022

### How many sections are included in the GATE Biomedical Engineering syllabus?

GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus includes nine main sections: Engineering Mathematics, Electrical Circuits, Signals and Systems, Analog and Digital Electronics, Measurements and Control Systems, Sensors and Bioinstrumentation, and Human Anatomy and Physiology, Medical Imaging Systems, Biomechanics and Biomaterials.

### How do we access the GATE 2022 Syllabus for Biomedical Engineering?

The GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus 2022 for the Primary paper is available on the official GATE website with the corresponding code mentioned. Meanwhile, we have also provided the syllabus details and the PDF download links on our corresponding web page.

### What are the sub-topics discussed under Section 9 – Biomechanics?

The sub-topics discussed under Section 9 – Biomechanics of the GATE BM syllabus are Kinematics of muscles and joints – free-body diagrams and equilibrium, forces and stresses in joints, biomechanical analysis of joints, Gait analysis; Hard Tissues – Definition of Stress and Strain, Deformation Mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of bone – cortical and cancellous bones; Soft Tissues – Structure, functions, material properties, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models; Biofluid mechanics – Flow properties of blood in the intact human cardiovascular system