 # GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering 2022

Candidates who aspire to ace the Instrumentation Engineering Paper in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering(GATE) can access the GATE Instrumentation Syllabus 2022 from the official website or find it here in online mode. The sections and topics under Instrumentation Engineering that need to be covered for the GATE Exams can be found in the GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation. Hence, referring to the entire GATE 2022 Instrumentation Syllabus is the best way to perform well in the exams.

Planning the strategy for exam preparations based on the GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering 2022 is the best way to ensure high scores. The PDF Format of the syllabus is made available as a link below in this article, while we also provide information about the GATE 2022 Instrumentation Syllabus on this web page.

## GATE Syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering

The topics and concepts covered under the branch of Instrumentation Engineering are divided across ten main sections in the GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering 2022. These ten sections include Engineering Mathematics, Electricity and Magnetism, Electrical Circuits and Machines, Signals and Systems, Control Systems, Analog Electronics, Digital Electronics, Digital Electronics, Sensors, and Industrial Instrumentation and Communication and Optical Instrumentation.

Meanwhile, candidates can easily access the GATE 2022 Instrumentation Syllabus by clicking on the PDF link below. Referring to GATE Syllabus will help the students to plan their studies more efficiently.

### GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering 2022

 SECTIONS TOPICS Section 1: Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, consistency and rank, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), second order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations: variable separable method. Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals. Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, standard deviation and variance; random variables: discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions. Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression and correlation analysis. Section 2: Electricity and Magnetism Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations. Section 3: Electrical Circuits and Machines Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductance and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation. Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements. transient analysis of RLC circuits with ac excitation. One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and short circuit parameters. Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines. Section 4: Signals and Systems Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation.Discrete time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters. Section 5: Control Systems Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, PI, PID, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers, tuning of PID controllers and sizing of control valves. Section 6: Analog Electronics Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of ideal and practical operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters, oscillators, signal generators, voltage controlled oscillators and phase locked loop, sources and effects of noise and interference in electronic circuits. Section 7: Digital Electronics Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flip flops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-to-digital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-to-analog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and microcontroller applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems, basics of distributed control systems (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC). Section 8: Measurements SI units, standards (R,L,C, voltage, current and frequency), systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision, propagation of errors, linear and weighted regression. Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering and Wien for measurement of R, L, C and frequency, Q-meter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phase and frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding. Section 9: Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement. 4-20 mAtwo-wire transmitter. Section 10: Communication and Optical Instrumentation Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon’s sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, quadrature amplitude, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light dependent resistor, square law detectors and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fibre optic sensing. UV-VIS Spectrophotometers, Mass spectrometer.

### GATE Instrumentation Engineering Marking Scheme 2022

Meanwhile, find below in this article the marking scheme for the GATE IN exam paper. Also, see the exam pattern as per the GATE Instrumentation 2022 Syllabus for General Aptitude and Subject marks. All questions are expected to be of 1 or 2 marks.

• General Aptitude(GA) of Instrumentation Engineering(IN) – 15 Marks
• Subject Marks – 85 Marks
• Total Marks – 100 Marks
• Total Time Allotted in Minutes for the subject – 180 Minutes

All students must download the latest version of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus before preparing for the GATE IN Exams 2022. Also, after referring to the syllabus, students are advised to prepare for the exams with the help of the GATE Preparation materials, textbook and previous year question papers. Students can also reach out to BYJU’S and access updates regarding the GATE Exams and Resources.

## Frequently Asked Questions on GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus 2022

### How can we access the GATE Syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering?

IIT Delhi usually releases the syllabus of GATE 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering. Candidates can also access the GATE 2020 syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering online and PDF formats from this site. The sections and topics which have to be studied by the candidates for the exam are listed out in the GATE syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering.

### How many sections are there in the GATE IN Syllabus 2022?

GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus 2022 comprises ten main sections: Engineering Mathematics, Electricity and Magnetism, Electrical Circuits and Machines, Signals and Systems, Control Systems, Analog Electronics, Digital Electronics, Digital Electronics, Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation and Communication and Optical Instrumentation.

### What are the concepts taught under Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation section?

The topics under the Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation section are Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement. 4-20 mA two-wire transmitter.