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# GATE Physics Syllabus 2023

The latest GATE Syllabus for Physics 2023 can be accessed from the official website, once it goes live. Meanwhile, we also update the details of the syllabus on this page, while also providing the interactive link to download the GATE Physics Syllabus 2023 PDF. The topics for the GATE Physics Syllabus PDF are spread across the General Aptitude and the Core subject, which is Physics. Find details of the GATE SyllabusÂ in this article, below.

Meanwhile, the candidate who opts for Physics as one paper has the option to select the second paper from EC (Electronics and Communication Engineering), GG (Geology and Geophysics), IN (Instrumentation Engineering), MA (Mathematics), MT (Metallurgical Engineering) and ST (Statistics).

## GATE 2023 Physics Syllabus

The GATE Syllabus of Physics helps the candidates to plan for their studies in a better way. Meanwhile, the GATE 2023 Physics Syllabus constitutes nine sections. Chief topics covered under these sections are Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetic Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, Electronics, Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Candidates can download the PDF version of the Physics syllabus from the link provided. We also provide the details of the topics on the web page below.

Find the details of the syllabus from the table below.

### GATE Syllabus of Physics

 SECTIONS TOPICS Section 1: Mathematical Physics Vector calculus: linear vector space: basis, orthogonality and completeness; matrices; similarity transformations, diagonalization, eigenvalues and eigenvectors; linear differential equations: second order linear differential equations and solutions involving special functions; complex analysis: Cauchy-Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorem, singularities, residue theorem and applications; Laplace transform, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors: covariant and contravariant tensors. Section 2: Classical Mechanics Lagrangian formulation: D’Alembert’s principle, Euler-Lagrange equation, Hamilton’s principle, calculus of variations; symmetry and conservation laws; central force motion: Kepler problem and Rutherford scattering; small oscillations: coupled oscillations and normal modes; rigid body dynamics: inertia tensor, orthogonal transformations, Euler angles, Torque free motion of a symmetric top; Hamiltonian and Hamilton’s equations of motion; Liouville’s theorem; canonical transformations: action-angle variables, Poisson brackets, Hamilton- Jacobi equation. Special theory of relativity: Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, mass-energy equivalence. Section 3: Electromagnetic Theory Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value problems; method of images; separation of variables; dielectrics and conductors; magnetic materials; multipole expansion; Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges; electromagnetic waves in free space, non-conducting and conducting media; reflection and transmission at normal and oblique incidences; polarization of electromagnetic waves; Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge. Section 4: Quantum Mechanics Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle; Schrodinger equation; Dirac Bra-Ket notation, linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; one dimensional potentials: step potential, finite rectangular well, tunneling from a potential barrier, particle in a box, harmonic oscillator; two and three dimensional systems: concept of degeneracy; hydrogen atom; angular momentum and spin; addition of angular momenta; variational method and WKB approximation, time independent perturbation theory; elementary scattering theory, Born approximation; symmetries in quantum mechanical systems. Section 5: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensembles; partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical and quantum statistics; degenerate Fermi gas; black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law; Bose-Einstein condensation; first and second order phase transitions, phase equilibria, critical point. Section 6: Atomic and Molecular Physics Spectra of one-and many-electron atoms; spin-orbit interaction: LS and jj couplings; fine and hyperfine structures; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transitions in diatomic molecules, Franck-Condon principle; Raman effect; EPR, NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three level systems. Section 7: Solid State Physics Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight binding models; metals, semiconductors and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass; Optical properties of solids; Kramer’s-Kronig relation, intra- and inter-band transitions; dielectric properties of solid; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic properties of solids; dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri-magnetism, domains and magnetic anisotropy; superconductivity: Type-I and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation, BCS Theory, flux quantization. Section 8: Electronics Semiconductors in equilibrium: electron and hole statistics in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; metal semiconductor junctions; Ohmic and rectifying contacts; PN diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field effect transistors; negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; basics of digital logic circuits, combinational and sequential circuits, flip-flops, timers, counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion. Section 9: Nuclear and Particle Physics Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy, electric and magnetic moments; semi-empirical mass formula; nuclear models; liquid drop model, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two nucleon problem; alpha decay, beta-decay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei; Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion; particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles; photons, baryons, mesons and leptons; quark model; conservation laws, isospin symmetry, charge conjugation, parity and time-reversal invariance.

### GATE Physics Syllabus Exam Pattern 2023

Meanwhile, candidates are also urged to refer to the GATE Physics Marking Scheme and other reference material to prepare more efficiently for the GATE Exams 2023. Find the details of the exam pattern below:

• General Aptitude(GA) Marks of Physics (PH) = 15 Marks
• Subject Marks = 85 Marks
• Total Marks for PH = 100 Marks
• Total Time (in Minutes) = 180 Minutes

## Frequently Asked Questions on GATE Physics Syllabus 2023

Q1

### How do we access the GATE Physics Syllabus 2023?

IIT usually releases the latest GATE Physics Syllabus 2023 on the official GATE website. We also provide the PDF format on our page and also details of the topics on the respective webpage.

Q2

### How many sections are there in the GATE 2023 Syllabus for Physics?

The GATE 2023 Syllabus for Physics constitutes nine sections. Chief topics covered under these sections are Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetic Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, Electronics, Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Q3

### What are the main concepts discussed under Section-6: Atomic and Molecular Physics of the Syllabus?

The main concepts under Section-6 are Spectra of one-and many-electron atoms; spin-orbit interaction: LS and jj couplings; fine and hyperfine structures; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transitions in diatomic molecules, Franck-Condon principle; Raman effect; EPR, NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three level systems.

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