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Types of Topology

There are 5 popular types of topology,

In this article, we learn more about them.

Bus Topology

In a bus topology, every computer is connected to a common bus. The bus is a single cable that carries data from one computer to another. If one computer wants to send data to another computer, it sends the data on the bus. All computers on the bus can see the data, but only the intended recipient will accept it.

Ring Topology

In a ring topology, every node is connected to two other nodes, forming a loop. Data flows from one node to the next in a continuous sequence. Ring topologies are often used in fibre optic networks, where data can be transmitted at high speeds with minimal interference.

Tree Topology

In a tree topology, there is a central root node from which all other nodes branch out. This type of topology is often used in bus topology networks. Tree topology can be extended to an arbitrary depth, but it is usually only extended to two or three levels for the sake of simplicity.

Star Topology

In a star topology, each device on the network is connected to a central hub. The hub acts as a gateway, providing a single point of connection for all devices on the network. Star topologies are commonly used in home and small office networks.

Mesh Topology

In computer networking, mesh topology is a type of network topology in which each node (computer or other devices) is connected to every other node in the network. A mesh topology is often used in large, complex networks because it is highly redundant and can accommodate a large number of nodes. If one node fails, the others can still communicate with each other.