Difference Between Two-Tier And Three-Tier Database Architecture

Two-Tier Vs. Three-Tier Database Architecture: Know the Difference Between Two-Tier And Three-Tier Database Architecture

The term Database Architecture refers to the representation of a typical DBMS (Database Management System) design. It basically helps a user develop, design, maintain, and implement the DB management system. A typical database helps in storing all the critical information in a system- thus assisting in easy, secure, and quick access to the required data. In this article, we will discuss the difference between two-tier and three-tier database architecture. Read ahead to know more about the differences in a tabular form. But let us first look into the individual purposes of both of these.

What is a Two-Tier Database Architecture?

A two-tier architecture either buries the application logic inside a UI (User interface) of the concerned client or the database of a given server or both of them. One can feasibly locate the user’s system interface in the desktop environment of the user with a two-tier architecture of a server/client. The DB management system usually resides in a server that hosts more powerful machines capable of providing service to many clients.

What is a Three-Tier Database Architecture?

The process or application logic in a three-tier architecture resides in the very middle-tier. It stays totally separated from the UI and the data. These types of systems are comparatively more flexible, robust, and scalable. Added to it, they can also easily integrate data and info from various different sources. In a three-tier architecture, the middle-tier exists between the client environment of the user system interface and the server environment of the database management. One can implement this middle tier in a number of ways, such as application servers, message servers, or processing monitors.

Difference Between Two-Tier And Three-Tier Database Architecture

Parameters Two-Tier Database Architecture Three-Tier Database Architecture
Meaning and Purpose The two-tier DB architecture is a client-server architecture. The three-tier DB architecture is a type of web-based application.
Number of Layers It contains mainly two layers- the Data Tier (Database Tier), and the Client Tier. It mainly contains three layers- the Data Layer, the Business Layer, and the Client Layer.
Location of Application Logic A two-tier DB architecture either buries the application logic within the server database, on the client (inside the UI), or both of them. A three-tier DB architecture buries the process or application logic in the middle-tier. Thus, it acts as a separate entity from the Client/ User Interface and the data Interface.
Building and Maintenance A two-tier DB architecture is comparatively much easier to maintain as well as build. A three-tier DB architecture is comparatively much complex to maintain as well as build.
Speed of Operation It runs at a comparatively slower pace. It runs and works at a comparatively faster pace.
Security The two-tier DB architecture allows the client to communicate directly with the database- thus making it less secure. The three-tier DB architecture does not allow its clients and database to communicate directly- thus making it comparatively more secure in the long run.
Loss of Performance The two-tier DB architecture leads to a performance loss with an increase in the number of users. The three-tier DB architecture leads to a performance loss when we happen to run a system over the Internet. Yet, it exhibits an overall better performance as compared to its two-tier counterpart.
Examples A few examples of the two-tier database architecture are the Railway Reservation System, Contact Management System that one can create with the MS-Access, etc. A few examples of the three-tier database architecture are a website on the Internet, the process of designing registration forms with buttons, labels, text boxes, and many more.

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