Difference Between Client Side Scripting and Server Side Scripting

Client Side Vs. Server Scripting: Know the Difference Between Client Side Scripting and Server Side Scripting

Both of these are scripts used in a website, and they primarily differ in their visibility. There are various other grounds on which they differ, and in this article, we will discuss the difference Between Client Side Scripting and Server Side Scripting in detail. Read ahead to know more.

A typical website usually runs on three major components- the client, the server, and the database. An individual needs a browser for viewing a database. The browser here is known as the client. This client can make use of various technologies like tablets, computers, laptops, phones, etc., for viewing any website. Here, it uses and processes client-side scripting. A browser performs this type of scripting. But the server can be at a remote place all across the world.

The server is capable of doing everything at the back end. It assists in running a website’s back-end architecture, sending pages to a browser, processing requests, and much more. Usually, a web server performs server-side scripting. Here, the main task of any script is the extraction of correct data from a database so that one can use it for the web project.

What is Server Side Scripting?

This type of scripting usually occurs on a website’s back-end. Any random user won’t get access to view whatever happens over here. It means that server-side scripting paves the way for a website to its database along with all of its behind-the-scenes tasks that contribute to the organization and running of the website. In server-side scripting, you can customize the responses solely on the basis of the user requirements.

What is Client-Side Scripting?

This type of scripting basically refers to the code present in the HTML page of a client. The client-side scripting usually attaches to the concerned browser in any language that’s compatible with that browser. JavaScript is the primary language deployed with client-side scripting. It is the most widely utilized language here- and it is compatible with all browsers. Thus, it can run on any of them. This way, the browser (temporarily) downloads the code and starts processing it without the server.

In case one requires a piece of additional information, they can raise a request and directly send it to the server. The use of client-side scripting earlier was data validation, formatting, and page navigation. This scripting is rapidly evolving today and growing day by day. As a result, performing client-side scripting is easier and faster now- thus, there’s very less work left for the servers.

Difference Between Server Side Scripting and Client-Side Scripting

Parameters

Server Side Scripting

Client-Side Scripting

Script Running For server-side scripting, a web server serves as the medium for running it. They create the pages that one would send to the browser. The script for the client-side scripting runs by using a browser. It is present already in any user’s computer.
Uses We use the server-side scripting at the back-end, where the source code stays hidden from the browser (client-side)- making it non-viewable. We use the client-side scripting at the front end, and any user can view it using the browser itself.
Occurrence Server-side scripting occurs whenever a browser initiates a request for it. As a result, many dynamic pages get created on the basis of several conditions. Client-side scripting occurs when all the codes that a browser possesses in a page later change/ alter according to any user’s input.
Operation Any server is capable of carrying out server-side scripting, but it can’t carry out client-side scripting. A typical browser performs the client-side scripting after it receives a page (that the server sends).
Execution The server-side scripting occurs on a remote computer. Thus, the response we get is slower as compared to that of the client-side scripting. The client-side scripting occurs on the local computers. Thus, in this case, we get a comparatively quicker response in comparison with the server-side scripting.
Suitability The server-side scripting works well for the areas that require the loading of a dynamic type of data and information. The client-side scripting works well in those cases that require user interaction.
Connection to the Server Database The server-side scripting assists a user in connecting to the database that already exists in the concerned web server. The client-side server doesn’t connect to those databases that exist primarily on the concerned web server.
Access To Various Files The server-side scripting has complete access to all the files present in any web server. The client-side scripting has no access to the files that exist in a web server.
Languages Languages like Ruby on Rails, Perl, ASP, Python, ColdFusion, PHP, etc., come into play in the case of server-side scripting. Languages like VB Script, CSS, HTML, Javascript, etc., are very common in the case of client-side scripting.
Security The server-side scripting is way more secure as compared to the client-side one. It is because the scripts of the server-side stay hidden from any random clients. The client-side scripts are much less secure as compared to the server-side ones. It is because these scripts don’t stay hidden from any random client’s end.

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