What is the full form of HTTPS?
The Full Form of HTTPS is HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure.
HTTP Secure (HTTPS) is a secure HTTP encrypted using the Secure Sockets Layer or Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) convention. HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure, enables protected communication over the computer network. It is also widely employed on the internet.
If you come across a website with url HTTP, it means that it is not secure. However, if the website is installed with an SSL certificate, then the website can be considered secure, and users feel safe to pass crucial data such as credit cards, debit cards, OTP, and so on through it.
History of HTTPS
- 1994- Netscape Communications developed HTTPS for its Netscape Navigator web browser
- Earlier HTTPS used SSL protocol
- Secure Sockets Layer evolved to Transport Layer Security
- May 2000- RFC 2818 formally specified HTTPS
- Feb 2018- Google announcement about Chrome browser plan to mark HTTP sites as “not secure” after July 2018
- An effort to make Word Wide Web more secure
Features of HTTPS
- With the increase of cyberattacks and expanded online instalments, websites opt for security. HTTPS caters to this need and is very secure.
- With the introduction of SSL, the website gets some SEO benefits from Google with its increased site ranking. This enables the need for SSL on HTTPS.
- HTTP encrypts the entire message substance, such as HTTP headers and the data for request or response. The verification feature of this secure protocol also allows for a trusted third party to sign server-side digital certificates, ensuring authentication.
- Web clients employ more HTTPS than the first non-secure HTTP to confirm the genuineness of the page of all websites, secure the accounts, and maintain the clients’ communication. So, secure browsing is a handy feature of HTTPS.
Benefits of HTTPS
- Secure the in-transit data.
- Increases the income per client.
- Protect the website from Phishing, MITM, or other data breaches.
- Promotes the users’ belief on the site by removing the warnings marked “not secure.”
- It helps to increase the website ranking.
Restriction of HTTPS
- Any Web query on an HTTPS site is pretty slow, thus resulting in moderate page stacking.
- Pages enabled with HTTPS cannot be cached.
- For a website with static information or if the data exchange is not confidential, HTTP is the better option.
- Some intermediary servers or firewalls do not allow to get to locales with HTTPS.
- Overhead constitutes the time for encrypting and decoding the data, with additional header input enabled and thus transmitting factual data.