World Kidney Day

Each year on the 2nd Thursday in March, World Kidney Day (WKD) is commemorated. It is a global awareness campaign aimed at raising knowledge about the importance of kidneys to human health and reducing the global effect of renal disease and its related health issues. Kidney illness affects one out of every ten persons on the planet. The International Society of Nephrology (ISN) as well as the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF) have collaborated to commemorate World Kidney Day.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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Kidney Health

Despite the rising global burden of renal disease, disparities and inequities in kidney health persist. Transplantation is expensive to set up in terms of infrastructure, and it necessitates highly specialised teams, the availability of organ donors, and the use of dialysis as a backup. In many nations, legal and physical infrastructure requirements, as well as cultural bias towards organ donation, create impediments, making dialysis the usual option.

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What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterised by a gradual decline of kidney function over months or years. Kidney failure occurs when kidney function falls below a particular threshold. If left untreated, kidney failure can be life-threatening, necessitating dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. Diabetes, high blood pressure, and other illnesses can lead to chronic kidney disease. Early diagnosis and treatment can typically prevent the progression of chronic renal disease. Poverty, gender discrimination, a lack of education, job dangers, and pollution are all factors that contribute to CKD and AKI.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Programme

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India has launched the National Dialysis Programme as part of the National Health Mission. It was implemented in 2016 at District Hospitals with the use of public private partnerships (PPP Mode). The goal of this programme is to bring crucial life-saving procedures closer to the community while simultaneously lowering poverty among patients due to out of pocket expenses.

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