“Labour’s creed is internationalism. Labour is interested in nationalism only because the wheels of democracy—such as representative Parliaments, responsible Executive, constitutional conventions, etc.—work better in a community united by national sentiments. Nationalism to Labour is only a means to an end. It is not an end in itself to which Labour can agree to sacrifice what it regards as the most essential principles of life. “
—Dr. Ambedkar’s broadcast on All India Radio, Bombay in December 1942
All over India, today on 14th April we are celebrating 126th birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar who stands as a sign of struggle for social justice. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the Principal Architect of Indian Constitution was a scholar par excellence, a jurist, an idealistic, an emancipator and real nationalist. He led several social movements to secure and safeguard human rights to the oppressed and miserable sectors of the society.
Here we are giving some interesting facts about Dr. Ambedkar which is essential for UPSC IAS Prelims Exam. Dr. Amedkar is an important figure in the history and polity of India, so it is important to read and study about him for the IAS exam.
The real name of Dr. B.R Ambedkar is Ambadvekar. He was born to Mahar caste family who was treated as untouchables and subjected to socio-economic discrimination in Madya Pradesh.
He suggested the splitting of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in 1955. It was done 45 years later.
He was the first law minister of Independent India and resigned as law minister when his women rights bill was opposed by Parliament.
He contested in 1952 and 1954 election but never won.
In 1942, November 27, he brought the issue on working hours on the 7th session of Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi. He assisted in reducing working hours in India from 14 to 8 hours.
Dr. Ambedkar was the first Indian to pursue an economics doctorate degree abroad.
Dr. B.R Ambedkar framed many laws for Women Labours in India:
- Mines Maternity Benefit Act
- Women Labor welfare fund
- Women and Child, Labor Protection Act
- Maternity Benefit for women Labor
- Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground Work in Coal Mines
The unique source of reference for all the 13 Finance Commission reports, in a way, are based on Dr. Ambedkar’s P.hd thesis, “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”, written in 1923.
There are several acts enacted by Dr. B.R Ambedkar for the welfare of people.
- Dearness Allowance (DA) to Workers
- Leave Benefit to Piece Workers
- Revision of Scale of Pay for Employees
- Health Insurance Scheme
- National Employment Agency (Employment Exchange)
- Employees State Insurance (ESI)
- Provident Fund Act
- Factory Amendment Act
- Labor Disputes Act
- Minimum wage
He enacted Coal Mines Safety (Stowing) Amendment Bill for the benefit of the workers, Mica Mines Labor Welfare Fund
In 1942, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar passed the Indian Statistical Act.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has also contributed to the water resources development. He designed and outlined, Damodar Valley Project, Hirakud project and Sone River valley project.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was based on the ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission.
He converted to Buddhism on 14th October 1956 at Deekshabhumi (Nagpur) and it is known Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din
Chaitya Bhoomi is a commemorative place to Dr. B R Ambedkar was cremated here after his death on 6 December 1956. This day is observed as Mahaparinirvan Din.
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