13 Jun 2024: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

13 June 2024 CNA
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A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
1. Shock as Indians die in distant battlefields
2. PM to attend G-7 outreach in Italy; all eyes on possible interaction 
with Zelenskyy, Trudeau
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
1. Tackling the fatty liver disease epidemic
F. Prelims Facts
1. Elephants call each other by name, study suggests
2. Study ranks India second in nitrous oxide emissions
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. PM to attend G-7 outreach in Italy; all eyes on possible interaction with Zelenskyy, Trudeau

Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s Interests

Prelims: G7

Mains: Significance of G7 for India

Context​: Prime Minister Narendra Modi is set to attend the G-7 outreach meet in the Apulia region of Italy shortly after being sworn in for his third term. This summit presents significant opportunities for diplomatic engagements and discussions on pressing global issues.

Event Overview

  • Location: Apulia, Italy.
  • Dates: 50th G7 Summit — a three-day event from June 13 to 15.
  • Host: Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni.
  • Participants: Leaders from G-7 countries, EU leadership, and invited leaders from 12 other nations, including Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

Agenda and Sessions

  • Special Sessions: Discussions on artificial intelligence, energy, Africa, and the Mediterranean.
  • Key Issues: Russia-Ukraine conflict and Israel’s war in Gaza.
  • India’s Role: Highlighting India’s contributions to peace, security, development, and environmental preservation.

Diplomatic Engagements

  • Bilateral Meetings: Potential interactions with various world leaders, though specific bilateral meetings are not confirmed.
  • Significant Interactions: Focus on possible meetings with President Zelenskyy and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

Peace Summit

  • Location: Burgenstock, Switzerland.
  • Date: June 15th.
  • Participation: India’s level of participation to be announced.


Diplomatic Tensions

  • India-Canada Relations: Tense relations due to allegations by PM Trudeau regarding the killing of Khalistani separatist Hardeep Singh Nijjar.
  • Khalistan Issue: Recent defacement of a Mahatma Gandhi statue in Brindisi with graffiti supporting Nijjar, sparking diplomatic rows.

Global Conflicts

  • Russia-Ukraine Conflict: Ongoing war and its global implications.
  • Israel-Gaza Conflict: Discussions on the war and its impact on international peace and security.


Diplomatic Opportunities

  • Global Influence: India’s presence at the G-7 underscores its growing global influence and role in addressing international challenges.
  • Leadership Engagement: Opportunity for PM Modi to outline his new term’s plans and strengthen bilateral and multilateral relations.

Strategic Implications

  • Peace Efforts: India’s involvement in peace discussions, particularly concerning Ukraine.
  • Global Policy Shaping: Contribution to discussions on critical issues like AI, energy, and regional stability.


Strengthening Diplomacy

  • Enhanced Communication: Establish clear communication channels with all involved nations to address and resolve tensions.
  • Strategic Partnerships: Leverage the summit to build and reinforce strategic partnerships, particularly with G-7 nations and invited countries.

Addressing Global Challenges

  • Collaborative Efforts: Promote collaborative efforts to tackle global issues such as climate change, energy security, and conflict resolution.
  • Peace Initiatives: Advocate for comprehensive peace initiatives and support mechanisms for conflict-affected regions.

Nut Graf: PM Modi’s attendance at the G-7 outreach meet in Italy marks a crucial moment for India on the global stage. With a focus on strengthening diplomatic ties and addressing pressing global issues, this summit provides an invaluable platform for India to showcase its commitment to international peace and development. The outcomes of potential interactions and discussions will likely influence India’s foreign policy and its role in global affairs moving forward.

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. India is ranked second in global emissions of nitrous oxide. Which of the following 
is the primary source of these emissions in India?
  1. Industrial processes
  2. Vehicle emissions
  3. Fertilizer usage
  4. Biomass burning

Answer: c

Explanation: The primary source of nitrous oxide emissions in India is from fertilizer usage.

Q2. Consider the following diseases:
  1. Diabetes
  2. Hypertension
  3. Fatty Liver Disease

Which of the above are non-communicable diseases associated with lifestyle factors?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Answer: d

Explanation: All three diseases listed are non-communicable and associated with lifestyle factors.

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding the recent study on elephant communication:
  1. Elephants can call each other by name.
  2. This study suggests advanced social behaviours in elephants.
  3. Such communication in elephants is unique among mammals.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Answer: a

Explanation: Elephants can call each other by name, indicating advanced social behaviour, but such communication is not unique among mammals (e.g., dolphins and some primates).

Q4. Consider the following countries:
  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Brazil

Which of the above countries are among the top three emitters of nitrous oxide globally?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1, 2, and 3 only
  3. 2, 3, and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, and 4 only

Answer: a

Explanation: China and India are the top two emitters of nitrous oxide, with the United States not ranking as high.

Q5. Which of the following countries are participating in the G-7 outreach meeting 
attended by the Indian Prime Minister in Italy?
  1. Argentina, Brazil, South Africa
  2. Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Turkey
  3. Algeria, Kenya, UAE
  4. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation: All the listed countries are part of the G-7 outreach meeting.


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