14 Jun 2024: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

14 June 2024 CNA
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A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
1. U.S., Europe will lock up Russian assets until it pays for Ukraine war
C. GS 3 Related
1. A comprehensive immunisation schedule for women is ready
2. Singular focus
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
1. The NEET sheeters
1. China’s ‘grey-zone’ warfare tactics against Taiwan
F. Prelims Facts
1. Vaishnaw directs Railways to prevent unauthorised travel
2. EU court fines Hungary €200 mn for not following asylum laws
3. Court stays release of Shaadi ke Director, Karan aur Johar
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Singular focus

Syllabus: GS-3, Developments in Science and Technology, Applications of scientific developments in everyday life

Mains: Challenges in the development of science and technology in India

Context​: The complexity and breadth of modern scientific endeavours necessitate focused and specialized administration.

Challenges Across Departments

  • Department of Space (DoS): Integrating private sector players, managing human spaceflight missions, and developing new launch vehicles.
  • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES): Exploring seabed mineral resources, climate adaptation, and mitigation.
  • Ministry of Science and Technology (MST): Overseeing cutting-edge research in AI, quantum computing, multi-omics, and energy storage.
  • Department of Atomic Energy (DAE): Advancing nuclear power with plans to commission new facilities annually.

Persistent Issues

  • Research Funding: Delays in fellowship and grant disbursals.
  • Interdisciplinary Research: Facilities are localized and hinder collaboration.
  • Regulatory Challenges: Inconsistent regulations affecting research.
  • Intellectual Property Rights: Weak protection mechanisms.
  • Translational Research: Limited to specific sectors.
  • R&D Expenditure: Declining gross domestic expenditure on research and development as a fraction of GDP since 2008-09.


  • Specialized Administration: The vast and diverse nature of scientific fields necessitates dedicated leadership to effectively manage and promote growth.
  • Economic Growth: Properly managed science and technology sectors can significantly contribute to national development and global competitiveness.
  • Innovation and Progress: Focused leadership can address regulatory, funding, and collaborative challenges, fostering innovation.

Need for Dedicated Ministers:

  • India requires separate ministers, ideally of Cabinet rank, for each major research body.
  • This separation is essential to:
    • Address long-standing issues.
    • Meet the specific needs of each body.
    • Solve problems effectively during coalition government rule.


  • Capacity Building: Strengthening the infrastructure and regulatory framework to better absorb and utilize increased funding.
  • Enhanced Collaboration: Creating and supporting facilities that promote interdisciplinary research and international collaboration.
  • Improved IP Protection: Strengthening intellectual property rights to protect and encourage innovation.
  • Stable Funding: Ensuring consistent and timely disbursal of research grants and fellowships.

Nut Graf: The administration of India’s scientific endeavours requires a more specialized and focused approach. Appointing separate ministers for each major research body could address long-standing issues and promote significant advancements in various scientific fields. This structural change is essential for leveraging the full potential of India’s scientific capabilities and ensuring sustained progress and innovation.


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