10 years of MGNREGA: How successful?

MGNREGA SCHEME:

  • promises unskilled manual work for 100 days, to adult person of all rural households
  • it is a rights based employment guarantee programme, with a demand driven approach.

FACTS:

  • world’s largest social welfare programme
  • In last 10 years, 3.14 lakh crores spent on the scheme
  • 1980 cr person days of employment generated
  • The scheme has arguably, managed to lift several lakhs of villagers out of rural poverty

HOW HAS IT FARED SO FAR:

  • It has shown mixed results

THE POSITIVES:

  • It has brought about a positive change in the rural labour
  • It has achieved its objective of mitigating rural poverty, where ever it is implemented genuinely and meaningfully.
  • Where ever, it has not been implemented meaningfully, it has given some amount of bargaining power to the people or rural labourers and is working as a market mechanism

LIMITATIONS AND CHALLENGES:

  • There are allegations and also empirical evidences of leakages and corurption in payment of wages
  • There are no meaningful and permanent assets being created
  • The temporary assets are of not much significance
  • It is the only law in the world with a provision of social audit, but , unfortunately, there is no regular social audit being carried out
  • The local population and villages have no say in deciding the type of work or the amount of work
  • so, is it really a demand driven scheme? its a question which generates mixed response

CONCLUSION:

  • The experts are divided on their opinion about the type of assets to be created. some even say that, AADHAR and JAN DHAN, which have supposedly plugged the leakages, is not completely reliable or true. The scheme suffers from multiple challenges of fake accounts, sub-optimal quality of assets , top-down decision making and many others. Therefore, government needs to rework and plug the leakages through consensus. The villagers and the gram panchayats need to be empowered to make decisions. There has to be a systematic monitoring mechanism through regular social audit and constant vigil.

OTHER USEFUL LINKS:

1)10 years of MGNREGA

PROBABLE MAINS QUESTION ON MGNREGA

1)Evaluate the success and failures of MGNREGA. Do you agree with the view that it has successfully stemmed the distress migration in the last 10 years? Give your arguments.

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