Category: Art & Culture
Indian Music Notes for UPSC
Hindustani Music is the one among the two distinct varieties of Indian Classical Music. The other variety of Indian classical music is Carnatic Music. While the former belongs to the Northern part of the country, the latter is south Indian. This music became popular during the Mughal Empire. Some Persian and Arabic elements have been assimilated in this music system. There are 10 forms are styles of singing and composition. Among them, Dhrupad, Khayal, Tappa and Thumri are the most popular.
Classical music and dances are an important segment of Art & Culture for the UPSC exam.
Hindustani Classical Music UPSC
This is the oldest and grandest form of Hindustani music. It is essentially poetic and it is presented in a style marked with precise and orderly elaboration of Raga. exposition proceedings composed verses is called Alap.
Khayal means imagination. This is the most prominent style in hindustani depicting romantic style of singing. It largely depends on the imagination and improvisation of the performer. It is also composed of particular raga and tala. It ranges from praise of kings description of seasons and pranks of Lord Sri Krishna.
Thumri originated in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. It is influenced by hori, kajri, Dadra. Tumhri is supposed to be romantic and erotic style of singing and is also called “lyric of Indian classical music”. The song composition mainly on love and devotion.
Tappa developed around the 18th century. It means jump in Persian, it is developed on folk songs of camel riders.
UPSC Question on Indian music
Consider the following:
Among the above Hindustani styles of music, which one is the oldest?
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