UPSC 2017 IAS Exam: PIB Summary and Analysis – May 19

Chitale Committee recommends several measures for Desiltation of Ganga
  • The committee was constituted in July 2016 by the Ministry of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation to prepare guidelines for desiltation of river Ganga from Bhimgauda (Uttarakhand) to Farakka (West Bengal)
  • Shri Madhav Chitale (Expert Member, NGRBA) was appointed as Chairman of the committee
  • The committee was asked to establish difference between desilting and sand mining and also to establish need for desilting for ecology and e-flow of the river Ganga
  • Some of the observations/recommendations of the committee in the report are
    • Erosion, sediment transport and siltation are very complex phenomena. It is impossible to apply a “one-size-fits-all‟ approach to sediment management and control, because the issues involved are frequently very regionally-specific
    • Erosion, sediment transport and siltation in large rivers like Ganga are very complex phenomena and their estimation has inherent limitations and uncertainties

 

Commissioning a Study on Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM) for Solar Power 
Generation Projects
  • It is under the aegis of ISA (International Solar Alliance)
  • Some of the countries such as Argentina, Burkina-Faso, Chad, France, India, Ivory Coast, Mali, Namibia, Niger etc. have jointly supported commissioning of a study to define and structure a Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM) for solar power generation projects in solar rich countries today
  • This is a major step in the implementation the ISA Programme aimed at mobilising “Affordable finance at scale”. This will dramatically lower the cost of finance for renewable energy and the overall price of electricity
  • Today, the cost of capital represents a substantial amount of the final costs of renewable energy, in particular solar PV
  • The Council on Energy, Environment and Water calculates that in India it represents 70% of the total cost of solar power
  • The study was entrusted by the Interim Secretariat to a task force chaired by Terrawatt Initiative (TWI), the World Bank Group, the Currency Exchange Fund (TCX), the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and also the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII)
  • Public and private stakeholders and partners will be consulted to contribute to the initiative and to ensure collective buy-in and validation
  • About International Solar Alliance (ISA)
    • ISA is an initiative jointly launched by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30 November 2015 at Paris (during Paris Climate meet-COP-21))
    • Under the ISA, solar rich countries lying fully or partially between the Tropics are invited to share and aggregate data regarding their needs and objectives; emulate successful practices; and set up common mechanisms and instruments, in order to address obstacles to deployment at scale of solar energy