04 Mar 2024: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

04 March 2024 CNA
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A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
1. Shehbaz Sharif becomes Pakistan PM for second time
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
1. Seizure of cargo by India unjustified: Pakistan
1. Facts and statistics
1. A women’s urban employment guarantee act
F. Prelims Facts
1. Advanced landing systems cut flight delays, but come at a cost
2. PM to witness launch of core loading of reactor in T.N. today
3. Odisha’s famed Rupa Tarakasi, Banglar Muslin earn GI tag
4. Resonance: a tendency to move in step
5. In snake genes, study finds they evolved 3x faster than other reptile
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

3. Odisha’s famed Rupa Tarakasi, Banglar Muslin earn GI tag

Context: The prestigious Cuttack Rupa Tarakasi, renowned for its exquisite silver filigree craftsmanship, has earned the Geographical Indication (GI) tag from the Geographical Indications Registry in Chennai.


  • Originating from Odisha, this art form epitomizes fine jewelry design and meticulous craftsmanship. Historical evidence suggests its roots tracing back to Mesopotamia around 3,500 BCE, with influences from Persia through maritime trade routes via Indonesia.
  • Alongside Tarakasi, other notable Indian products receiving GI recognition include Banglar Muslin, Narasapur crochet lace, and Kutch rogan craft. Ratlam Riyawan Lahsun (Garlic) and Ambaji White Marble from Madhya Pradesh have also been honored.

Significance: Cultural treasures like Majuli Mask of Assam and Tripura Risa Textile join the esteemed list, highlighting India’s rich heritage and craftsmanship diversity. These accolades not only acknowledge the unique cultural significance but also foster economic growth and preservation of traditional art forms across the country.

4. Resonance: a tendency to move in step

Context: Resonance, a phenomenon where systems oscillate with heightened amplitude at their natural frequency, finds applications across nature and technology. 


  • Whether in swinging a child on a swing or the precision of a quartz watch, resonance underscores the importance of frequency synchronization. It’s a double-edged sword, offering efficiency in contexts like musical instruments and MRI scanners, yet yielding undesirable effects such as structural rattling in vehicles.
  • The historical collapse of England’s Broughton Suspension Bridge in 1831 exemplifies resonance’s peril. British soldiers, marching in unison, unwittingly matched the bridge’s natural frequency, leading to its catastrophic failure. This event prompted a military protocol change, where soldiers now break step when crossing bridges to avert resonance-induced disasters.


Understanding resonance’s principles is crucial for harnessing its benefits while mitigating its risks. From the harmony of music to the precision of scientific instruments, resonance shapes our world, emphasizing the significance of frequency harmony in both natural and engineered systems.

5. In snake genes, study finds they evolved 3x faster than other reptiles

Context: David Brin’s ‘Uplift Universe’ series, spanning two decades from 1980, reflects an intriguing concept where a patron race uplifts species to higher forms of life. This mirrors Earth’s ancient past, marked by bursts of evolutionary innovation, shaping remarkable diversity among species.


  • The mystery of these evolutionary leaps has long fascinated biologists. While Darwinian theory emphasizes gradual changes through natural selection, the fossil record reveals sporadic bursts of complexity, leading to the emergence of new species and the extinction of others.
  • One remarkable evolutionary event occurred during the dinosaur era, when lizards transformed into snakes, evolving into highly adaptable predators. Recent genetic studies unveiled that snakes evolved three times faster than lizards, exploiting new niches post-dinosaur extinction.

Significance: Despite extensive research, the cause behind snakes’ evolutionary singularity remains elusive, termed the “singularity of snakes.” Understanding such evolutionary bursts is crucial for deciphering Earth’s ecological future, prompting scientists to delve deeper into unraveling their mysteries.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1. River Bhavani is an interstate Indian river which flows through the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  2. It is one of the main tributaries of the Pamba river.

Which of the options are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

Answer: c

Q2. The GI tagged, Jeeraphool and Dubraj rice varieties are associated with which of the following states?
  1. Jharkhand
  2. West Bengal
  3. Odisha
  4. Chhattisgarh

Answer: d

Q3. N Chandrasekaran Taskforce was constituted to study which of the following?
  1. Extension of social security benefits to GIG workers in India
  2. To recommended comprehensive agrarian reform measures
  3. The use and application of artificial intelligence (AI) in the military
  4. To look into the issue of pensions under the NPS

Answer: c

Q4. Consider the following statements related to Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC):
  1. OPEC+, consisting of OPEC members plus other oil-producing countries, was formed in 2016 to exert more control on the global crude-oil market
  2. Algeria, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, Saudi Arabia and USA are members of OPEC.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

Answer: a

Q5. In India, in which one of the following type of forests is Teak, a dominant tree species?
  1. Tropical moist deciduous forest
  2. Tropical rain forest
  3. Tropical thorn scrub forest
  4. Temperate forest with grasslands

Answer: a

Click on the link for the video explanation of the above questions and answers.



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