28 Mar 2024: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

28 March 2024 CNA
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A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
International Relations
1. China to develop Sri Lanka’s deep sea port and airport
C. GS 3 Related
Biodiversity and Environment
1. Is Australia’s carbon credit scheme a ‘catastrophe’?
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
International Relations
1. Preventing a China-Taiwan conflict
1. WTO’s investment facilitation negotiations are not illegal
F. Prelims Facts
1. ICMR set to bring in evidence-based norms for lung cancer management
2. India achieves 16% decline in new TB cases since 2015
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Category: ECONOMY

1. WTO’s investment facilitation negotiations are not illegal

Syllabus: Effects of Liberalization on the Economy

Mains: Investment facilitation negotiations in WTO 

Introduction: WTO’s Investment Facilitation Negotiations

  • The failure to adopt the Investment Facilitation for Development (IFD) agreement was a significant outcome of the 13th Ministerial Conference (MC13) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Abu Dhabi.
  • Negotiations for the IFD agreement began in 2017 through the Joint Statement Initiative, involving 70 countries.
  • Despite opposition, the IFD agreement was finalized in November 2023, with support from around 120 of the 166 WTO member countries.

India’s Concerns and Arguments:

  • India, along with South Africa, played a pivotal role in preventing the inclusion of the IFD agreement in the WTO rulebook.
  • India’s primary concerns revolve around the nature of investment within the WTO framework and the process followed for integrating the IFD agreement.
  • India argues that investment is distinct from trade and questions whether it should be within the purview of the WTO.
  • Additionally, India asserts that the process for negotiating the IFD agreement lacked the necessary mandates, as established in previous WTO decisions.

Investment vs. Trade and Process Concerns:

  • India contends that investment should not fall under the WTO’s domain, emphasizing the differences between investment and trade.
  • Despite economic interlinkages between trade and investment, India questions the appropriateness of including investment within the WTO framework.
  • Furthermore, India challenges the legitimacy of the process followed in negotiating the IFD agreement, citing previous WTO decisions that establish mandates for new negotiations.

Legal and Procedural Considerations:

  • The legal basis for including investment agreements within the WTO framework is debated, particularly regarding the distinction between multilateral and plurilateral negotiations.
  • While there is a negative mandate against launching multilateral negotiations on new issues, it is unclear whether this mandate extends to plurilateral negotiations.
  • Plurilateral agreements like the IFD hold the potential for revitalising the WTO’s legislative function, given the challenges in reaching a consensus on multilateral agreements.
  • India is urged to reconsider its stance on plurilateral agreements, given their potential benefits for updating and enhancing the WTO’s regulatory framework.

Nut Graf: The failure to adopt the Investment Facilitation for Development (IFD) agreement at the WTO’s 13th Ministerial Conference in Abu Dhabi highlights India’s concerns over integrating investment into the WTO framework and the legitimacy of the negotiation process.


F. Prelims Facts

1. ICMR set to bring in evidence-based norms for lung cancer management

Context: In India, where lung cancer accounts for 10% of cancer-related deaths, the absence of evidence-based guidelines poses a significant challenge. 

About: To bridge this gap, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is launching a systematic review and meta-analysis initiative. Researchers are invited to submit expressions of interest (EoI) to conduct comprehensive reviews focusing on prevention, screening, diagnosis, and management. The initiative aims to synthesize existing evidence using the GRADE tool to assess quality systematically. By utilizing the Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework, recommendations will be formulated to guide clinical practice and improve patient outcomes. 

Significance: This initiative is a crucial step towards enhancing lung cancer management in India, addressing a pressing public health concern

2. India achieves 16% decline in new TB cases since 2015

Context: India’s battle against tuberculosis (TB) shows promising signs of progress, with a notable decline in both incidence and mortality rates since 2015. 

About: According to the India TB Report 2024 by the Union Health Ministry, there has been a 16% reduction in TB incidence and an 18% decrease in mortality rates. Notably, the private healthcare sector’s contribution to TB notifications increased by 17% in 2023, reflecting improved collaboration. Despite challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, India’s National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP) remained resilient, conducting approximately 1.89 crore sputum smear tests.

Significance:  With a target set for 2025 to eliminate the disease, India’s continued efforts and engagement from both public and private sectors underscore its commitment to TB control and eradication.

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements about Lieutenant Governors in India:
  1. Governors are appointed by the President and Lieutenant Governors are appointed by the Prime Minister.
  2. LGs have powers like reserving bills for the President’s consideration or recommending the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly.
  3. Lieutenant Governors are deployed only in Union Territories with a Legislative Assembly.


  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Answer: c

Q2. Which of the following statements regarding the Global warming is/are correct?
  1. Statement 1: Global warming is caused by the release of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the
  2. Statement 2: Global warming occurs only due to anthropogenic reasons.
  3. Statement 3: The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty primarily aimed at combating global warming.

How many statements is/are correct?

  1. Only Statement 1 is correct.
  2. Statements 1 and 2 are correct.
  3. Statements 2 and 3 are correct.
  4. All three statements are correct.

Answer: a

Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Rohingya people?
  1. Statement I: Rohingya people primarily reside in Myanmar’s Rakhine State.
  2. Statement II: The Rohingyas predominantly follow Buddhism.
  3. Statement III: Rohingya People are one of the minority groups who benefit
    from the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019.

How many statements is/are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only three
  4. All

Answer: a

Q4. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding municipality elections in India?
  1. Statement 1: Masala bonds are bonds issued by Indian entities in
    international markets.
  2. Statement 2: The issuer of Masala Bonds pays interest and principal in
    Indian rupees to investors.

Which statement is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

Answer: c

Q5. Consider the following statements:
  1. In India, the Himalayas are spread over five States only.
  2. Western Ghats are spread over five States only.
  3. Pulicat Lake is spread over two States only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 3
  3. Only 2 and 3
  4. Only 3

Answer: b

Click on the link for the video explanation of the above questions and answers.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Regarding investment facilitation talks in WTO, India’s argument is that investment is separate from trade and it should be outside the scope of WTO. Comment on the statement. (15 marks, 250 words) [GS-3, Economy]
  2. Explain the impact of the China-Taiwan conflict on India. (15 marks, 250 words) [GS-2, International Relations]

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