Anthropology Optional Paper Instructions
- Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 250
- There are EIGHT questions divided in TWO SECTIONS and printed both in HINDI arid in ENGLISH.
- Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remitting, any THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
- The number of marks carried by a question part is indicated against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly WI the Miler of this Question-cum-Answer-QC., Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off
Q1. 10 x 5 = 50 marks. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:
- Archaeological Anthropology.
- Society and Culture.
- Incest Taboos.
- Historical Particularism.
Q2: 15 + 20 + 15 marks
- Elucidate the biological and cultural factors in Human Evolution.
- How did Morgan explain the evolution of marriage, family and Socio-Political organization, and how did other evolutionists disagree with his explanation? 20
- How do diffusionism and evolutionism differ as explanations of Culture Change? 15
Q3: 15 + 15 + 20 marks.
- Define family and critically examine the universality of family
- How do you relate the concepts of ‘Sacred’ and ‘Profane’ in Durkheim’s theory of religion with a focus on the role of totem? 15
- Explain the basic features of ‘Postmodernism’ in Anthropology. 20
Q4: 20 + 10 + 20
- Critically examine the Formalists’ and Substantivists’ views on the applicability of economic laws in the study of primitive societies. 20
- Explain the difference between emic and etic, and how does the difference derive from the study of language? 10
- What made Geertz’s Interpretive Anthropology distinct from Turner’s Symbolic Anthropology? What does each of them mean by the terms ‘Symbol’ and ‘Symbolic’?
Q5. 10 x 5 = 50 Marks Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:
- Palaeolithic culture.
- Down’s Syndrome.
- Longitudinal method of studying growth.
- Menopause and its impact.
- DNA technology in Medicine.
Q6. 20 + 15 + 15 Marks
- Describe the salient characteristics and geographical distribution of Homo erectus. 20
- Critically examine Darwin’s theory of evolution in understanding evolution. 15
- Discuss chromosomal aberrations in man illustrating with examples. 15
Q7. 20 + 15 + 15 Marks
- What is an anthropometric somatotype? Describe Heath and Carter’s method of somatotyping.
- Critically examine the physiological responses and acclimatization to cold climate in Man. 15
- Elucidate the role of Anthropology in selection and monitoring of sports persons. 15
Q8 20 + 15 + 15 Marks
- Forensic Science can help in criminal investigations. Discuss. 20
- Define genetic polymorphism. Give details of its types with suitable examples. 15
- What do you understand by Immunogenetics? Explain with suitable examples. 15
Total 250 marks, duration: 3 hours; instructions: Same instructions as Paper-1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- Relevance of tribal Panchsheel today
- Sacred complex as a dimension of Indian civilization
- South Indian Paleoliths
- Panchayati Raj Institutions and Social Change
- Rights over resources and tribal unrest
Q2: 20 + 15 + 15 marks.
- Examine the social implications of media and communication technology. 20
- Briefly describe the classical models of ethnic and linguistic classification of Indian population. Discuss its relevance today.
- Discuss the problems faced by religious minorities in India.
Q3: 20 + 15 + 15 marks.
- Discuss how constitutional provisions in India have built-in mechanisms for dealing with the problem of land alienation in tribal areas.
- Discuss the impact of Hinduism on the status of tribal women in Central India. 15
- Describe the paleoanthropological fossil finds from Siwalik hills. Examine the contribution of Siwalik fossils to paleoanthropological knowledge.
Q4: 20 + 15 + 15 marks.
- Critically examine the concept of communalism religious and multiethnic polity of India.
- Examine in detail the role of anthropology in planning for tribal development.
- Critically compare ‘Affirmative Action’ of USA and ‘Protective Discrimination’ for Scheduled Tribes in India.
Q5. 10 x 5 = 50 marks Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :
- Prehistoric Rock Art of Central India
- Islam and Matriliny
- Socioeconomic characteristics of shifting cultivators
- Elwin Ghurye debate on Tribes
- Role of Governor in Fifth Schedule Areas
Q6. 20 + 15+ 15 Marks
- Examine the contribution of village studies towards the understanding of Indian social system.
- Discuss the impact of globalization on village economy in India.
- Discuss the significance of Harappan Civilization sites from India.
Q7. 20 + 15+ 15 Marks
- Recently non-government organizations have been critiqued for interfering, with developmental process in tribal heartland I Critically comment.
- Discuss the nature of social change in tribal India under the impact of developmental programmes.
- Discuss the contribution of M. N. Srinivas to the study of Indian society. Examine the influence of British social anthropologists on his ideas.
Q8. 20 + 15 + 15 Marks
- What do you understand by dynamics, of caste mobility? How did the concept. of Sanskritization contribute to its functionality?
- Critically examine the concept of tribe-caste continuum and its relevance in contemporary India.
- Discuss the socio-cultural, economic and psychological constraints responsible for low literacy in tribal areas.
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