Open Data | What is Open Government Data?

The project is one of the initiatives within Pillar 6 (Information for All) of the Digital India programme, and it was constructed utilising Open Source Stack. The Open Government Data Platform India is a cooperative endeavour between the Indian government and the United States government. Open Government Data Platform India is also bundled as a product and provided as open source for countries around the world to use freely.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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About Open Government Data

  • The Project Management Unit is in charge of the substance of this Platform/Project (PMU).
  • The project management unit is headed by a Director General.
  • The project and its online portal are part of the bigger scheme called National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP).

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic details about this topic as it has been in the news recently.

About National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy

In the year of 2012, the NDSAP (National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy) was enacted. It was a first step toward making non-sensitive government data available on the internet. The policy’s major goal is to “encourage data sharing and give access to data controlled by the Government of India for national strategy, development, and awareness.” Ideals such as “openness, flexibility, transparency, and quality” of data are included in the NDSAP implementation guidelines.

Its goal is to make “access to Government of India shared data in a machine-readable format” easier. The recommendations call for open digital formats that may be analysed and disseminated. Formats that are opaque, such as the portable document format and the picture format, should be avoided. Data.gov.in was created in 2012 as a component of the Open Government Data (OGD) project.

Through the National Informatics Centre (NIC) the Department of Electronics and Information Technology has created data.gov.in used by the Department of Science and Technology in performing the nodal tasks of policy coordination and monitoring in close partnership with all Union Ministries.

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What is Open Data?

Open data is information that can be freely utilised, re-used, and redistributed by anybody — with the possible exception of only attribution and sharing alike. It is easily accessible at a low cost/free of charge, and in most cases, it is also in a useful format. It is open to anyone and can be accessed and/or reused by anybody. It is open to all, with no discrimination towards individuals or groups based on any factor.

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Recent Developments

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) recently announced the launch of Open Data Week to promote open data usage and innovation across India’s urban ecosystem.
  • In the year 2022, it will take place in the third week of January, precisely from the 17th to the 21st.

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