World Haemophilia Day

Each year on April 17th, World Hemophilia Day is commemorated. It is a worldwide day of awareness for haemophilia (sometimes written haemophilia) and associated bleeding disorders, as well as the birthday of Frank Schnabel, the World Federation of Hemophilia’s founder. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, all events and programmes would be held virtually this year. Since the year of 1989, numerous communities have come together to celebrate the ongoing advancements in treatment while also raising awareness and extending understanding and emphasis to the challenges of adequate care to the general public.

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History of World Haemophilia Day

The World Federation of Haemophilia (WFH) established World Haemophilia Day in 1989, and the 17th of April was chosen as the date to commemorate the birthday of the founder of the World Federation of Haemophilia, Frank Schnabel. Actually, Haemophilia was found in the 10th century, when humans began to pay attention, particularly to males, who died from minor injuries caused by bleeding. Abulcasis was the name given to this ailment at the time. However, due to technological limitations, this was not cured. This sickness was very widespread among royal families at the time, and it was treated with aspirin, which thinned the blood and made the problem worse.

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Dr. John Conrad Otto from Philadelphia began studying “bleeders” in 1803 and concluded that it is a genetic ailment passed down to males through their mothers. Haemophilia hereditary condition was split into two categories in 1937: type A and type B. However, until that moment, no proper remedy had been devised.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Key Facts About Haemophilia

  • Haemophilia, usually spelled hemophilia, is a hereditary condition that is passed down the generations.
  • Haemophilia is a condition in which the body’s capacity to form blood clots is impaired; in other words, persons with haemophilia require a long time to stop bleeding.
  • Haemophilia affects just a miniscule percentage of women.

Significance

It was determined to raise public awareness about this disease and to help people appreciate the importance of giving this significant health issue the attention it deserves. The World Federation of Hemophiliacs (WFM) was founded in the year of 1963 to enhance care and treatment for all haemophiliac patients.

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