How to read Hindu editorial for IAS/How to read editorial for IAS?/How to read editorials for IAS
‘The Hindu ‘ is the most important part of your preparation, as most of the questions come from this newspaper in both prelims and mains . Before you learn how to read the editorial section of the newspaper, here are some things that you should do:
- Know the UPSC syllabus, thoroughly.
- Practice previous years’ question papers & know the question patterns.
- Have a knowledge of the important issues in news
- Do not spend more than 1 hour with the newspaper.
There is plethora of information in ‘The Hindu’, however this is what is relevant from UPSC point of view & deserves your focus:
- Any judgement or ruling /remark by the Supreme Court or the High Court is important. While you note the judgement, also understand its relevance in the syllabus. Relate it to the subjects i.e.,Geography /History /Economics/Polity.
- Identify the social issues or challenges being faced by the society as. Understand the pros and cons and also note down the recent incidents.You can quote them to substantiate your point. E.g. -caste riots ,moral policing ,restriction on freedom of speech,etc.
- Note down any issue being discussed in the Government by the departments/ministries. Understand the pros and cons of the issue. E.g. Linking rivers ,water conservation ,etc.
- Identify the schemes/policies & initiatives by the government. This is important for the prelims. You should note:
- Objectives of the policy
- Ministry /department under which it operates.
- Special features of the policy.
- Who are the members involved (If its an organisation .eg. Inter State council)
- Any constitutional provisions related to the policy.
- For the mains, you need to understand the issues related to the policy/scheme and make notes on the pros and cons of it.
- While reading the editorial , you need to identify the issues first .Then try to find out points in favour of or against it .Please understand that the editorials are biased towards one opinion. So,it is your duty to identify the points ,both for the topic and against it.
People say that reading the newspaper is an art, but it can very well be mastered with practice and we tell you how:
- Focus on the Issue not the news: Suppose there is a news headlined as “Supreme Court judge removed from his seat”. So instead of reading who is removed, what he did to be removed, when was he removed. etc. focus on “How a Supreme Court judge can be removed”, “What provision does our Constitution have for the removal of a judge from his seat”, “What effects could it have on our nation and upcoming generation” etc.
- Categorise the news: Divide the news or issues into a few categories like Environment & Biodiversity, International Relations, Personalities & Awards, Government Policies & Schemes, Economic Policies, International Organisations, Science and Technology, Health and Medicine, Miscellaneous etc.
- Matter in “The Hindu” is not enough in itself: Surf the internet and gather more information about the topics of importance.
Also read: How to read ‘The Hindu’.
If you go through the previous years’ question papers, you will find that the following topics are given importance:
- Scientific Researches
- Places of national and international importance
- Government Policies
- Government Bodies established/dissolved
Hope you find this useful. Happy Reading!