18 June 2024: PIB Summary for UPSC

18 June 2024 PIB
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1. Krishi Sakhi
2. Post Office Act 2023
3. Joint Doctrine for Cyberspace Operations
4. Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative
5. MoU between DARPG and Public Grievances and Public Service Commission, The Gambia
6. World Sickle Cell Day
FIP Magazine

1. Krishi Sakhi

Syllabus: GS-2, Schemes; GS-3, Agriculture

Prelims: Krishi Sakhi


The Prime Minister will grant certificates to more than 30,000 self-help groups as Krishi Sakhis at Varanasi.

What is Krishi Sakhi?

  • The Krishi Sakhi Convergence Programme (KSCP) aims to transform rural India through the empowerment of rural women as Krishi Sakhi, by imparting training and certification of Krishi Sakhis as Para-extension Workers. 
  • This certification course aligns with the objectives of the “Lakhpati Didi” Program.
  • Krishi Sakhis are chosen as agriculture para-extension workers because they are trusted community resource persons and experienced farmers.
  • Training provided include: 
    • Agro-ecological practices from land preparation to harvest
    • Organising farmer field schools
    • Seed banks + establishment and management
    • Soil health, soil and moisture conservation practices
    • Integrated farming systems
    • Basics of livestock management
    • Preparation and use of bio-inputs and establishment of bio-input shops
    • Basic communication skills
  • After training, the Krishi Sakhis will undergo a proficiency test. Those who qualify will be certified as Para-extension Workers and be eligible to undertake scheme activities of the Agriculture Ministry on the fixed resource fees.
  • At present, in the programme’s phase 1, it is rolled out in 12 states namely, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Odisha, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, and Meghalaya.


2. Post Office Act 2023

Syllabus: GS-2, Polity

Prelims: Post Office Act 2023


The Post Office Act 2023 came into effect on 18 June.

Post Office Act 2023:

  • The Post Office Act aims to create a simple legislative framework for the delivery of citizen-centric services, banking services and benefits of government schemes.
  • The Act does away with provisions such as the exclusive privilege of collecting, processing and delivering letters, to enhance the ease of doing business and ease of living.
  • No penal provisions have been prescribed in the Act.
  • This provides a framework for prescribing standards for addressing the items, address identifiers and usage of postcodes.

3. Joint Doctrine for Cyberspace Operations

Syllabus: GS-3, Defence & Security

Mains: Military and cyberspace operations


The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) released the Joint Doctrine for Cyberspace Operations.


  • The Joint Doctrine is a keystone publication that will guide commanders in conducting cyberspace operations in today’s complex military operating environment.
  • This doctrine emphasizes understanding military aspects of cyberspace operations and provides conceptual guidance to commanders, staff and practitioners in the planning, and conduct of operations in cyberspace, as well as to raise awareness in our warfighters at all levels.


  • In addition to the traditional domains of warfare including land, sea, and air, cyberspace has emerged as a crucial and challenging domain in modern warfare. 
  • Unlike territorial limits in the domains of land, sea, and air, cyberspace is a global common and hence has shared sovereignty. 
  • Hostile actions in cyberspace can impact a country’s economy, cohesion, political decision-making, and the nation’s ability to defend itself.

4. Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative

Syllabus: GS-3, IT, Cybersecurity

Prelims: Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative


NeGD organised the 45th Deep Dive Training of Chief Information Security Officers under MeitY’s Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative.

Details of the training programme:

  • The National e-Governance Division (NeGD), under its Capacity Building scheme, organised the 45th CISO Deep-Dive training programme from June 18 – 22, 2024 with participants from Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, New Delhi, Rajasthan, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal at the Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI), Hyderabad. 
  • The deep-dive training is specifically aimed at educating and enabling CISOs to understand cyber-attacks comprehensively and thoroughly, get necessary exposure to the latest safeguarding technologies, and translate the benefits of a resilient e-infrastructure to individual organisations and citizens. 
  • The training also focussed on providing a holistic view of legal provisions, enabling CISOs to formulate policies in the domain of cyber security and build concrete cyber crisis management plans.
  • The purpose of the deep-dive training program is to spread awareness, build capacities, and enable government departments to take steps to create a cyber-resilient ecosystem. 
  • Launched in 2018, the CISO training is the first-of-its-kind partnership between the Government and industry consortium under the Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.

MeitY’s Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative:

  • The Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative was conceptualised with the mission to spread awareness of cybercrime and build capacities of Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT officials, across all government departments.
  • The objective is to ensure adequate safety measures to combat cybercrime, and for organisations to defend their digital infrastructures and become future-ready in tackling cyber-attacks.
  • It is a public-private partnership that will leverage the expertise of the IT industry in the domain of cybersecurity.
  • Operating on the principles of awareness, education and enablement, it will include training programmes on cybersecurity.
  • Partners include Microsoft, WIPRO, Intel, NASSCOM, CERT-In, etc.

5. MoU between DARPG and Public Grievances and Public Service Commission, The Gambia

Syllabus: GS-2, International Relations, Governance

Prelims: DARPG


The MoU between the DARPG, GOI and the Public Grievances and Public Service Commission, Office of the President, the Republic of the Gambia has been extended for another five years.


  • The MoU is on ‘Refurbishing Personnel Administration and Governance Reforms’.
  • It was originally signed in July 2021 for 3 years.
  • The MoU aims to strengthen the partnership between the two countries by sharing best practices focused on administrative reforms, good governance webinars, research publications, capacity-building programs and replication of good governance practices.

6. World Sickle Cell Day

Syllabus: GS-2, Health

Prelims: World Sickle Cell Day, Sickle Cell Disease

Mains: Prevalence and treatment of sickle cell disease in India


World Sickle Cell Day is observed annually on 19 June.


  • Each year on 19th June, World Sickle Cell Awareness Day is commemorated to raise awareness and understanding about the disease and the problems that patients and their families encounter. 
  • The theme for 2024 is “Hope Through Progress: Advancing Sickle Cell Care Globally”.

Read more on World Sickle Cell Day in the linked article.

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD):

  • SCD refers to a group of inherited blood disorders, wherein a genetic mutation causes abnormal haemoglobin to clump together, causing the red blood cells to turn sickle-shaped. 
  • These sickle-shaped cells cause blockages in the blood flow, which can lead to anaemia, pain, infections and other severe complications. 
  • Individuals with sickle cell trait carry only one defective gene and typically live normal lives, but they can pass the gene to their children. 
  • Therefore, all adults and newborns should undergo a medical screening for sickle cell disease and trait.

Government initiatives to eradicate SCD:

  • The Government of India embarked on the ‘Mission for Elimination of SCD by 2047’ with the launch of the National Sickle Cell Anaemia Elimination Mission from Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh in July 2023.
  • The mission entails awareness creation and universal screening of 7 crore people in the age group of 0-40 years in the affected tribal areas. 
  • The programme is being carried out in a mission mode for screening, prevention, and management of sickle cell anaemia in all tribal and other high-prevalent areas States/UTs of India. 
  • About 1 in 86 births among Scheduled Tribe (ST) population have SCD, the prevalence being higher in Central, Western and Southern India. 
  • It is predominantly prevalent in Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, western Odisha, eastern Gujarat and in pockets of the Nilgiri Hills in north Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
  • The mission is a sub-mission of the National Health Mission.


Read previous PIB articles here.

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