15 Mar 2018: UPSC Exam PIB Summary & Analysis

LaQshya program

  • It is a program recently announced by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The main aim of the program is improving quality of care in labour room and maternity Operation Theatre (OT).
  • The Program will improve quality of care for pregnant women in labour room, maternity Operation Theatre and Obstetrics Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and High Dependency Units (HDUs).
  • All Medical College Hospitals, District Hospitals and First Referral Unit (FRU), and Community Health Center (CHCs) will implement LaQshya program.
  • ‘LaQshya’ will reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality, improve quality of care during delivery and immediate post-partum period and enhance satisfaction of beneficiaries and provide Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) to all pregnant women attending public health facilities.
  • The Program aims at implementing ‘fast-track’ interventions for achieving tangible results within 18 months. Under the initiative, a multi-pronged strategy has been adopted such as improving infrastructure up-gradation, ensuring availability of essential equipment, providing adequate human resources, capacity building of health care workers and improving quality processes in the labour room.
  • To strengthen critical care in Obstetrics, dedicated Obstetric ICUs at Medical College Hospital level and Obstetric HDUs at District Hospital are operationalized under LaQshya program.
  • NQAS (National Quality Assurance Standards) will assess Quality Improvement in labour room and maternity OT.
  • Every facility achieving 70% score on NQAS will be certified as LaQshya certified facility. 


KUSUM Scheme

  • KUSUM stands for ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan ’.
  • It is aimed at harnessing solar power for rural India
  • Solar water pumps will be installed in remote areas for irrigation needs. 
  • Farmers can get extra income by selling surplus solar power to DISCOMs

Some of the other provisions are

  • Installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas;
  • Installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfill irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid;
  • Solarization of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income.
  • Solarisation of tube-wells and lift irrigation projects of Government sector.


Atal Bhujal Yojana

  • It is aimed at sustainable ground water management with community participation in select over-exploited and ground water stressed areas in seven States (Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh). 
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme with a total outlay of Rs. 6,000 Crore and is proposed to be implemented with World Bank assistance.


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