International Migrants Day

International Migrants Day is celebrated every year on 18 December. In the beginning of 2020 on one hand countries were facing the wrath of Covid-19 on the other hand another crisis that left the most accomplished governments clueless was the migrant crisis caused by the pandemic. Thus, the day reminds everyone that the problems faced by migrants in every country are not yet over and governments need to come up with policies that are constructive and inclusive of the problem.

In this article, you will know more about the history of the day and how Migrants Day is observed to tackle the challenges and issues of global migration.

As UPSC surprises aspirants with questions linked with what usually is assumed to be trivia; it is advisable that one must scroll through the facts about International Migrants Day to get the basic information. The topic, if at all asked in the UPSC Prelims, will form the part of the current affairs.

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Facts about International Migrants Day for UPSC Exam

Read the below-mentioned facts about International Migrants Day; and aid your IAS Exam preparation along with other competitive exams’ preparation.

Observed On

18 December

Theme of 2021

‘Harnessing the Potential of Human Mobility’


International Organisation for Migration

The topic can be asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims. Visit the attached link to attempt practice quizzes on current affairs.

To read more about the other Important International and National Days, click on the link. Such days and events become very important for UPSC Prelims.

About International Migrants Day 2021

  • Migration is an important concept when we discuss the challenges of globalisation. Sustainable development which is encouraged by almost all economies means a development which involves progress for all the people.
  • Thus, the aim of sustainable development can be achieved only if we create equal societies that are inclusive of migrants, and enable them to maximise their potential.
  • In human history, migration has always been seen as a step of courage and expression of an individual’s will to overcome adversity to live a better life.
  • Therefore, International Migrants Day is observed every year to highlight the role, contributions and challenges faced by international migrants.
  • The day is observed with one theme chosen every year. The theme of International Migrants Day 2021 was ‘Harnessing the Potential of Human Mobility’.
  • The theme is significant as it acknowledges the contribution made by migrants of their knowledge, skills, and networks to build more resilient and stronger communities.
  • The day is observed every year through the International Organisation for Migration (UN Migration), the UN-related agency.

Read about India and Migration – Facts for UPSC Prelims and Mains GS-II & Essay in the linked article.

Background of International Migrants Day

  • The UN adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families on 18 December 1990.
  • In 2000 the UNGA took into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world and hence to commemorate the day on which the convention was adopted in 1990, it proclaimed 18 December to be observed as International Migrants Day, on 4 December 2000.

Read in details about the Challenges Of Migration [UPSC Notes for GS I] in the linked article.

Significance of International Migrants Day

  • The day was created by the global body to commemorate the significance of strengthening international cooperation and migration regionally, bilaterally, and globally.
  • The day is significant as it recognises the efforts, contributions and rights of migrants worldwide.
  • The day is used to spread awareness about the difficulties and challenges faced by migrants and the need for the required cooperation and collective action from countries around the world.
  • The day can also be used to keep the focus on the rich cultural, social, and economic contributions made by migrants and the way they help in building a more inclusive society.
  • International Migrants Day is extremely important to determine whether the movement of individuals is forced or voluntary for environmental issues such as poverty or disaster.

Note: As UPSC 2022 approaches, use BYJU’S free Daily Video Analysis of The Hindu Newspaper to augment your preparation.

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