National Hindi Day

In India, Hindi Diwas is celebrated on September 14 every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the Hindi language and also commemorate the event when it was adopted as one of the official languages of India. It is celebrated in schools, colleges as well as offices. On this day various events are conducted to promote the language like students participating in essay and letter-writing along with language competitions.

As UPSC surprises aspirants with questions linked with what usually is assumed to be trivia; it is advisable that one must scroll through the facts about National Hindi Day to get the basic information. It can be asked in UPSC Prelims from the section of current affairs, if at all asked.

Facts About National Hindi Day for UPSC Exam

Read the below-mentioned facts and aid your IAS Exam preparation along with other competitive exams’ preparation. 

Observed on 14 September
Facts about Hindi Language
  • The Constituent Assembly of India adopted and recognised Hindi Language as one of the official languages of India, in 1949.
  • Hindi language is written in the Devanagari script.
  • It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India.
  • Hindi is the fifth most spoken language among the total languages spoken in the world.
  • Article 343 of the Constitution deals with the official language of India.
World Hindi Day  10th January

The topic can be asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims. Visit the attached link to attempt practice quizzes on current affairs.

To read more about the other Important International and National days click on the link. Such days and events become very important for UPSC Prelims.

About National Hindi Day and Its Significance

  • National Hindi Day is celebrated with the purpose to popularise Hindi throughout the country. Various events that promote the language are conducted. It is also on this day that the President of the country felicitates people for their contribution to Hindi language and literature.
  • The day is celebrated on 14 September because it was on 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the official language of India. Also 14 September marks the birth anniversary of Rajendra  Simha, who worked tirelessly towards making Hindi the official language of India.

Read about Adoption of Hindi Language in details in the linked article.

About Hindi Language

  • According to the 2011 census, in India about 43.6% speakers identify Hindi as their mother tongue.
  • The name Hindi holds its origin in Persian. The word Hind means ‘land of the Indus River’ in Persian. It was in the early 11th century that Turkish invaders named the language of the region Hindi, ‘language of the land of the Indus River’.
  • The modern script of Hindi, Devanagari came into existence in the 11th century.
  • Hindi is the fifth most spoken language among the total languages spoken in the world.
  • It is spoken in various countries including South Africa, Guyana, UAE, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, USA, UK, Germany, New Zealand, Uganda, Suriname, Trinidad and Mauritius.
  • To promote Hindi language across the world, World Hindi Day is celebrated on 10 January every year.

Also, read in detail about World Hindi Day in the linked article.

Government Initiatives to Promote Hindi

  • The Ministry of Education established the Central Hindi Directorate in 1960.
  • Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) has established ‘Hindi Chairs’ in various foreign universities/institutions abroad.
  • A self-teaching application LILA-Rajbhasha (Learn Indian Languages through Artificial Intelligence) is created to promote self learning.
  • Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar and Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar are awarded for contribution in the Hindi Language.

Note: As UPSC 2022 approaches, use BYJU’S free Daily Video Analysis of The Hindu Newspaper to augment your preparation.

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