National Human Trafficking Awareness Day - Facts for UPSC

This year’s National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is on Tuesday, January 11, 2022. The purpose of the day is to raise awareness about the condition of human trafficking victims, as well as to promote and safeguard their rights. Despite the fact that the entire month of January has been designated as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, this day is dedicated to raising awareness and preventing criminal practises.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

Note: As UPSC 2022 approaches, use BYJU’S free Daily Video Analysis of The Hindu Newspaper to augment your preparation.

History of National Human Trafficking Awareness Day

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000, passed more than two decades ago, established the United States’ commitment to combating human trafficking both locally and internationally. President Barack Obama named January 2010 “National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month” by presidential proclamation, and each president since has continued the tradition. President Biden has declared January 2022 to be “National Human Trafficking Prevention Month,” reiterating his administration’s commitment to protect and empower victims of all forms of human trafficking, prosecute traffickers, and put an end to trafficking in human beings in the United States and around the world.

Note: You may visit the attached link to attempt practice quizzes on current affairs.

Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

Every year, around 2,25,000 people are victims of human trafficking around the world. The theme of the National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is to wear blue coloured clothes to raise awareness. Every year, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that the majority of persons are trafficked from Asia to Europe.

Victims from Asia are trafficked to the widest range of locations in Europe, whereas victims from Europe are trafficked to the widest range of destinations in the world. Human trafficking in the form of sexual trafficking is still the most common. It’s the most obvious. Other forms of exploitation go mostly unnoticed. Construction, agriculture, caterers and restaurants, apparel and textiles, domestic work, healthcare expenditures, recreation, and the sex industry all have high rates of trafficked forced labour.

To get the list of important national and international days and dates for UPSC preparation, visit the linked article.

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