National Vaccination Day

Each year on March 16th, National Immunization Day is observed. The purpose of National Immunization Day, also known as National Immunization Day, is to raise awareness about the necessity of vaccination. The 1st dose of Oral Polio vaccination was given in India on this day in 1995, March 16th. This year’s National Immunization Day is particularly significant because India is conducting the world’s largest vaccination drive against the CoVID-19 disease. The most efficient means of preventing highly contagious diseases is vaccination, sometimes known as immunisation. Immunisation is a proven technique for controlling and eradicating life threatening infectious diseases, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Vaccination has an economic and social influence on the neighbourhood and at the national level, in addition to improving health and life expectancy.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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History of Vaccination in India

In the nineteenth century, India pioneered modern immunizations. Over 51 years ago, India introduced the Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccination to combat tuberculosis. In 1978, an enhanced programme was begun, which included Typhoid and DPT immunizations (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus). The same scheme was amended in 1985 and renamed the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP), which was implemented in stages.

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Facts about Vaccination in India

  • In December 2014, UIP started Mission Indradhanush to improve the health of mothers and children that are not vaccinated.
  • Mission Intensified Indradhanush was begun in 2019 with the goal of stepping up the immunisation campaign.
    • Mission Intensified Indradhanush, by the year of 2030 intends to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of eliminating avoidable child deaths.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

The very first dose of Oral Polio vaccination was given in India on this day in 1995, March 16. This year’s National Immunisation Day is particularly significant because India is running an ongoing world’s largest vaccination drive to counter CoVID-19 pandemic.

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