World Malaria Day

Each year on April 25, World Malaria Day (WMD) is commemorated. The goal of the day was to take immediate action in the fight against the fatal disease. Malaria is a life threatening disease spread by mosquito bites carrying the parasite. Female Anopheles mosquitoes transfer the Plasmodium parasite, which causes malaria, through their saliva.

The topic can be asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

Note: As UPSC 2022 approaches, use BYJU’S free Daily Video Analysis of The Hindu Newspaper to augment your preparation.

History of World Malaria Day

The 60th conference of the World Health Assembly, World Health Organisation’s (WHO) decision making body, established World Malaria Day in May 2007. The day was created to convey information about “year long enhanced execution of national malaria control policies, including community based initiatives for malaria treatment and prevention in endemic areas” and to give “education and awareness of malaria.”

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

Africa Malaria Day was used to be observed on April 25th before the foundation of WMD. A year since the momentous Abuja Declaration was adopted by 44 malaria endemic nations at the African Summit on Malaria, Africa Malaria Day was established in the year of 2001. Corporations, international organisations, and grassroots organisations all across the world come together on World Malaria Day to raise awareness about malaria and push for legislative reforms.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

It assists in identifying the presence of malaria in various nations throughout the world, as well as raising global awareness about the disease. According to the most current World Malaria Report, malaria killed 429,000 people worldwide in the year of 2015, with 212 million new cases. Between 2010 and 2015, the number of new malaria cases decreased by 21% globally, while malaria fatality rates decreased by 29%. Case incidence and mortality rates decreased by 21% and 31%, respectively, in Sub-Saharan Africa.

To get the list of important national and international days and dates for UPSC preparation, visit the linked article.

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