UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)
The President of India constituted the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) on the 15th of November 1983. Powers conferred by Section 27 of the Atomic Energy Act 1962 were then exercised for carrying out some safety and regulatory functions stated in the Act. It was established through a gazette notification. The authority for regulation of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board is acquired from the notifications and the rules enacted under the Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 and the Atomic Energy Act, 1962.
- The headquarters of AERB is situated in Mumbai.
- The board works with the mission of ensuring that the use of ionising radiation and nuclear energy in India does not lead to undue risk to the environment and health.
- Its task is to regulate the safety and security aspects of the country’s civilian nuclear facilities.
- Atomic Energy Regulatory Board is not an autonomous body. Its dependent on the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)
- At present, the Board comprises of a full-time Chairman, a Secretary, an ex officio Member and three part-time Members.
Functions of AERB
- Developing safety policies in radiation, nuclear and industrial safety areas.
- Developing Codes for safety, guideline and standards for decommissioning, operation, commissioning, construction, design and siting of various forms of radiation and nuclear facilities.
- Grant permissions for the functions mentioned above.
- Ensuring compliance of the regulatory requirements stipulated by the AERB during various different stages of consenting. This is carried out through a system of assessment followed by a thorough review, regulatory inspection and enforcement.
- Pronounce the acceptable limits of exposure of radiation to the occupational workers and members of the public and
- Approval limits acceptable for environmental releases of radioactive substances.
- Review of the preparedness plans for nuclear and radiation facilities under emergency situations.
- Take the necessary steps for keeping the public informed on major issues of radiological safety significance.
- Promote R&D in the areas of nuclear safety.
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