Comprehensive News Analysis - 05 May 2017

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related:
B. GS2 Related:

POLITY

1. SC refuses plea to make Hindi compulsory in school

2. CIC seeks details of action against former CJI

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India, U.K. to cooperate on deportation

1. U.S., Germany slam India for new funding norms

C. GS3 Related:

ECONOMICS

1. Multi-modal transport policy on the anvil

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Swachh Survekshan 2017: Indore is cleanest city 

D. GS4 Related:
E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
H. Archives

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Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category:POLITY

1. SC refuses plea to make Hindi compulsory in school

What’s in news?

  • The Supreme Court refused to entertain a plea to make Hindi language compulsory for school students to promote national unity.
  • Reasons given: Making Hindi compulsory might open the flood gates for people speaking other languages to demand that theirs should also be made compulsory.

Petitioner Ashwini Kumar Updhayay contention

  • Non-execution of the three-language formula enunciated in the 1968 National Policy Resolution by the Centre in consultation with the States.
  • 1968 National Policy Resolution: three-language formula provided for the study of Hindi, English and modern Indian language in Hindi-speaking States, and Hindi, English and a regional language in the non-Hindi speaking States
  • 1968 policy was framed in response to demands from non-Hindi-speaking States like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. However, all these States had not followed the three-language formula till date

2. CIC seeks details of action against former CJI

Context

  • The Supreme Court judgment dated July 18, 2013, in the matter of Christian Medical College, Vellore, vs Union of India, was allegedly uploaded on a private website hours before the pronouncement.
  • On July 24 the same year, eminent RTI activist Subhash Agrawal sought from the Law Ministry details of complaints filed by Justice (Retired) V.R. Krishna Iyer and Dr. M. Furquan. He also asked about the action taken on the complaints. However, he did not get any concrete information. 

What’s in news? 

  • The Central Information Commission has directed the Supreme Court Information Officer and the Union Law Ministry to share details of the action taken on a complaint regarding former Chief Justice of India (CJI) Altmas Kabir in connection with the alleged leak of a judgment in 2013.

Need of the hour

  • Information Commissioner M. Sridhar Acharyulu observed that a comprehensive mechanism was needed to ensure both answerability and access to information about the administration of justice.
  • There is no system for redress of grievances in any courts of India, and no mechanism to receive complaints against the judiciary.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India, U.K. to cooperate on deportation

What’s in news?

  • India and the United Kingdom will cooperate with each other to ensure the smooth return of Indians overstaying in U.K.
  • Deportation agreement was made at the first Home Affairs dialogue between the two countries.
  • Agreed to formalise arrangements for cooperation on anti-terror operations and cyber offences.

Discussions held:

  • Issues of mutual cooperation in investigations, including those against “Khalistani activists”
  • Requests for extradition and deportation

2. U.S., Germany slam India for new funding norms

What’s in news?

  • UN’S Human Rights Council proceedings highlights(at Geneva): Council members recommended a revision in India’s Foreign Contribution Regulatory Act (FCRA), a repeal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, decriminalisation of homosexuality and the inclusion of marital rape in Indian laws on sexual violence.

Who led the attack?

  • The attack on the FCRA act came from nearly a dozen countries, mostly from Europe. The charge was led by the U.S. and Germany, who called the Act and the government’s actions “arbitrary”. 

Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi response:

  • FCRA is a legitimate law that NGOs wishing to operate in India must follow.

Attack on minorities

  • The government also faced criticism on violence against religious minorities from a number of countries.
  • Pakistan’s statement was the sharpest, accusing India of failing to protect minorities “especially Muslims” from “mob violence” and “attacks by extremist groups affiliated to the government.”
  • Attacks on Africans in India appeared as a new subject of concern at the HRC proceedings.

UN Additional Convention Against Torture (CAT)

  • Nearly all 112 countries at the 5-yearly review of India’s record called for India to ratify the UN Additional Convention Against Torture (CAT).
  • India is one of only nine countries which haven’t yet implemented the Torture convention, despite signing on to it in 1997.
  • In 2012, India had also given a unilateral pledge to ratify CAT, but has yet to move forward on it, despite a Supreme Court directive in the matter.

Basic Information:
UN Additional Convention Against Torture (CAT)

  • The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
  • The Convention requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture in any territory under their jurisdiction, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is reason to believe they will be tortured.

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMICS

1. Multi-modal transport policy on the anvil

What’s in news?

  • Highlights of Integrated Transport and Logistics Summit
  • The Centre will soon frame a policy on integration of various modes of transport aimed at smooth transition of cargo.
  • Proposal to setup a single company for multi-modal transportation of cargo. This one integrated company can provide end-to-end logistic solution to our customers
  • Main focus to be on the integration of roads, ports, waterways and airways.

Key Fact:

  • India’s reliance on roads is three times more than China’s.
  • Logistics costs were high in India almost 4% of our GDP and pegged at 5% by 2020.

Category: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Swachh Survekshan 2017: Indore is cleanest city

What’s in news?

  • ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ report Swachh Survekshan 2017
  • Indore in Madhya Pradesh is India’s cleanest city. Bhopal gets the second position in the cleanliness ranking of 434 cities.
  • Gonda in Uttar Pradesh is the dirtiest.

STATE WISE:

  • Gujarat has the maximum of 12 cities among the top 50 clean cities, closely followed by Madhya Pradesh with 11 and Andhra Pradesh with eight.
  • Uttar Pradesh accounted for half of the bottom 50 cities in the cleanliness ranking. 

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today

 

   PIB Articles                  Editorials Roundup

 

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn

 

F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News

 

G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
Question 1: Identify the correct statement with reference to UN Additional 
Convention Against Torture (CAT)
  1. India has signed the convention but failed to ratify it .
  2. CAT aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 2: As per Swachh Survekshan-2017, which city has been designated 
as the cleanest city in India?
  1. Indore
  2. Mysore
  3. Bangalore
  4. Bhopal
See
Answer

Question 3: Identify the criteria’s that were used in Swachh Survekshan-2017 
to rank the cities based on cleanliness
  1. Solid Waste Management
  2. Citizen Feedback
  3. Independent observation
  4. All of them above
See
Answer
Question 4: What do you mean by LIDAR?
  1. It is a new IT cloud computing technique.
  2. It is a new semiconductor fabricating technique.
  3. It is a surveying method
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 5: The main aim of ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana’ is ______.
  1. Providing irrigation facilities for organic farming
  2. Promoting sprinkler-irrigation among agriculturists in water-scarce and hill regions
  3. Promoting the utilisation of renewable energy in irrigation-intensive regions
  4. Providing some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country
See
Answer

 

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