Difference between between Delhi and New Delhi

Difference between Delhi and New Delhi is explained here in detail. 

Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a Union Territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India.

New Delhi is an urban district located in the city of Delhi. New Delhi serves as the capital of India and the seat of all three branches of the Government of India.

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Difference between Delhi and New Delhi – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Difference between Delhi and New Delhi

The major differences between Delhi and New Delhi are:

Delhi New Delhi
The history of Delhi can be traced back to the 6th Century BCE.  New Delhi was designed and built in the 20th Century. 
Delhi is a Union Territory and it has borders with the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Delhi is surrounded by Haryana on three sides and Uttar Pradesh is located to the East of Delhi. Union Territory of Delhi has 9 districts and New Delhi is one of the 9 districts of Delhi.  New Delhi is the National Capital of India.
Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires, most notably the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. The city has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by Emperor George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. It was designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy and Governor-General of India Lord Irwin.
Some of the famous monuments of Delhi are Red Fort, Humayun Tomb, Jama Masjid, Lotus Temple etc. Some of the important buildings of New Delhi are Rashtrapati Bhavan, India Gate, Parliament of India, Lodhi garden, Akshardham Temple, Connaught Place, Jantar Mantar.
Total Area of Delhi is 46,208 square kms. Total Area of New Delhi is 42.7 square kms.
The architecture of monuments and buildings in Delhi is influenced by Mughal architecture The architecture of monuments and buildings in New Delhi is influenced by Western Architecture.

After learning about the differences between Delhi and New Delhi, refer the below-given links for better understanding of Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History.

Difference between Delhi and New Delhi – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Old Delhi and New Delhi


What is the difference between Old Delhi and New Delhi?

Old Delhi is the most historic part of the metropolis, with its origins dating back to the time of the Moghuls. In contrast, New Delhi was designed by the British during colonial times, with much of the architectural work being down to Edwin Lutyens in the 1920s and 1930s.

Why did the British shift their capital to New Delhi?

The British originally ruled India from Calcutta, but moved the capital to the newly built district of New Delhi in 1911 because of the city’s symbolic value in India.

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