Subject: History Category: Modern History Topic: Tribal Uprisings in the 18th and 19th Centuries
NCERT notes on important topics for the UPSC civil services exam preparation. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like bank PO, SSC, state civil services exams and so on.
Many of the various tribal groups in India revolted against the forceful and devastating intrusions into their life and region by the British and other Indians. The tribals had been living peacefully and in harmony with nature for hundreds of years in their own forests. The British came and introduced many changes in their way of life and also introduced outsiders into their turf. This reduced them to the status of labourers and debtors from masters of their own land. The uprisings were basically against this unwelcome intrusion, and a fight for their independence.
Major tribal uprisings
These were the main uprisings by the non-frontier tribals. The frontier tribals also revolted against the British annexation of their lands. The main frontier tribal uprisings were Khasi Uprising (1830s), Ahom Revolt (1828) and Singhphos Rebellion (1830 – 1855). In the 20th century, Rani Gaidiniliu led the Naga Movement (1905 – 1931).