UPSC 2017: Comprehensive News Analysis - Aug 18

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS1 Related
B. GS2 Related
Polity & Governance
1. ADR report on corporate donations
2. Rights groups urge India to honour duty to Rohingyas
Bilateral Relations
1. Redrawing the arc of influence
C. GS3 Related
D. GS4 Related
E. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
F. UPSC Mains Practice Questions 
 

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category: POLITY & GOVERNANCE

1. ADR report on corporate donations

 

  • Between financial year 2012- 13 and 2015-16, the five national parties received a total of Rs.1,070.68 crore via voluntary contributions above Rs.20,000.
  • Of this, 89%, or Rs.77 crore, was from corporate and business houses, according to the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR).
  • The BJP received the lion’s share of the corporate donations, lapping up Rs.81 crore from 2,987 corporate donors. This is nearly three times the combined corporate donations received by the remaining four parties.
  • The BJP received the highest donations from all the 14 sectors, as defined by the ADR, including real estate (Rs.20 crore); mining, construction, exports/imports (Rs.83.56 crore); and chemicals/pharmaceuticals (Rs.31.94 crore).
  • In 1,933 donations involving Rs.04 crore, PAN details were not mentioned. Address details were missing for Rs.355.08 crore received through 1,546 donations.

Background:

  • Every year, political parties are required to submit details of donations above Rs.20,000 to the Election Commission.
  • They have to provide the donor’s name, address, PAN, mode of payment and the amount contributed.

2. Rights groups urge India to honour duty to Rohingyas

News:

  • Government of India plans to deport about 40,000 Rohingya immigrants from Myanmar.
  • As a reaction, international human rights agencies Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch called upon India to “abide by international legal obligations” and not force them to return, which they termed an “outrageous” move.

Context/Background:

  • The international organisations opine, while India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol, it is still bound by customary international law not to forcibly return any refugee to a place where they face a serious risk of persecution or threats to their life or freedom.
  • The basis of this argument is the international principle of “non-refoulement” adopted by the UN.
  • Indian Home Ministry issued a statement on identifying and deporting Rohingyas, including about 16,500 who have been registered by the UN High Commission for Refugees in India.
  • The Rohingyas who fled to India after violence in the Western Rakhine State were mainly settled in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR and Rajasthan.
  • The Home ministry has issued an advisory to the State governments to deport all foreign nationals who are staying illegally in India, citing security threats posed by them.

What is Principle of Non-refoulement?

It is a fundamental principle of international law which forbids a country receiving asylum seekers from returning them to a country in which they would be in likely danger of persecution based on “race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”

 

Category: BILATERAL RELATIONS

1. Redrawing the arc of influence

 Background:

  • A brief analysis of the outcomes of the recent visits of Prime Minister and the changing dimensions of India’s foreign policy

Indo-US:

  • The visit focused mainly on counter-terrorism and security co-operation and avoided the contentious trade related issues.
  • The success in these two areas can be noticed by:
  • The naming of the Hizbul Mujahedeen chief as a “specially designated global terrorist” and a “new consultation mechanism on domestic and international terrorist designations listing proposals”
  • Confirmation of the sale of the Guardian Unmanned Aerial System to India.

Indo-Israel:

  • First ever first to Israel by an Indian PM
  • Elevation of the India-Israel relationship to the level of a ‘strategic partnership’.
  • The main focus of the visit was on defence cooperation, joint development of defence products and transfer of technology.
  • Most of the agreements signed related to transfer of technology and innovative technology-related items and India expects to benefit substantially, considering that Israeli export rules are far more flexible than those of the U.S.
  • Some sticky points in Indo_Israel:
  • India and Israel decided to set up a $40 million Innovation Fund to allow Indian and Israeli enterprises to develop innovative technologies and products for commercial applications.
  • However, Israel-China comprehensive innovation partnership which has an outlay of $300 million clearly overshadows this.
  • India and Israel also have differences over China’s BRI:(Belt and Road initiative) Israel is eager to participate in it, unlike India, and possibly views this as an opportunity to develop a project parallel to the Suez Canal.
  • Both countries also expressed a strong commitment to combat terror. The reality, however, is that when the two countries speak of terrorism, they speak of very different things.
  • Iran and Hezbollah are the main targets for Israel, which has little interest in the Afghan Taliban or Pakistan’s Lashkar-e-Taiba. For India, it is the latter that matters.

Indo-China-Pak:

  • China is increasingly and aggressively expanding its political and economic presence in the East and Southeast Asia, South Asia and now slowly increasing its presence into West Asia.
  • For instance, China’s influence in Iran is very high vis-a-vis that of India.
  • Experts opine that, India, however has put up a courageous fight against China. It has not been ruffled either by BRI or Doklam standoff.
  • Few other countries in Asia are, however willing to cooperate with China.
  • A divided house in ASEAN with most countries in the region wanting to join China-based initiatives. Even in South Asia, despite India’s commanding presence, China has been successful in winning quite a few friends among India’s neighbours such as Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
  • Pakistan continues to be a rogue state and its unrelenting stand to tackle terrorism has led to a virtual diplomatic standoff between India and Pakistan.
  • As a consequence, India has been left with few options and this is leading to a diplomatic gridlock which does not augur well for India.
  • Pakistan’s dependence on China is growing due formers own internal stresses.
  • This is contributing to a strategic imbalance in the South Asian region, which is the main context in which Indian diplomacy needs to redraw its arc of influence.

The Russia factor:

  • Russia is undergoing a strategic resurgence, sustained in good measure by the close relations recently established with China. Buoyed by developments in the Ukraine and Crimea, and the uncertainties surrounding U.S. commitment to NATO, the new Russia-China ‘strategic congruence’ is certain to impact Asia.
  • At this juncture, India-Russia relations appear less robust than at any time in the past half century. India’s ‘Act East and Look West’ policies have given a new dimension to Indian diplomacy in both East and West Asia. However, diminishing diplomatic influence in the West Asian region vis-a-vis increasing influence of Russia and China is a cause of concern.
  • The ‘Act East’ policy has produced better results. Closer relations with countries in East and South East Asia, especially Japan and Vietnam, are a positive development. However, in the Asia-Pacific, India has to contend with an increasingly assertive China. There is little evidence to show that India’s diplomatic manoeuvres individually, or with allies like Japan, have succeeded in keeping the Chinese juggernaut at bay — or for that matter provide an alternative to China in the Asia-Pacific.
  • Indian diplomacy, therefore, needs a renewed strategy and also display still higher levels of sophistication to overcome the odds.

 

C. GS3 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

E. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam

Question 1. Consider the following statements:
  1. Japanese Enciphalitis is a viral disease.
  2. It spreads through mosquito bites.

Select the correct options.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 2. Labour disputes is mentioned under which list in the 8th Schedule of the
Constitution of India.
  1. State List
  2. Union List
  3. Concurrent List
  4. Residual List

See

Answer
Question 3. Consider the following statements regarding Finance Act 2017:
  1. The government has included an amendment to the Companies Act of 2013 to do away with the 7.5% of net profits limit set on political donations.
  2. The requirement for a company to disclose the name of political parties to which they donate is also done away with.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 4. The National Disaster Management authority in India is chaired by
  1. Home minister
  2. Minister for Environment and Forests
  3. Prime Minister
  4. Finance Minister

See

Answer
Question 5. Public Health and Sanitation falls under which list in 8th schedule of
the Constitution of India?
  1. State List
  2. Union List
  3. Concurrent list
  4. Residuary List

See

Answer

 

F. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

GS Paper 2

  1. Critically analyse the Changes introduced by the Government in the Finance Act 2017 with respect to Political funding by corporates.
  2. The health infrastructure in India needs a thorough overhaul. In the light of recent incidents in Gorakhpur, critically examine India’s public health infrastructure. Give your suggestions for improvement.

 

Also, check previous Daily News Analysis

 

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