Difference Between XML and HTML

Both XML and HTML are used to create webpages and web applications. However, the two are different in many ways. In this article, we shall discuss these points of difference between XML and HTML.

XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language and is used to transport and save data. The focus here is not on displaying or the appearance of the data.

On the other hand, HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This computer language helps to make the data more interactive with multiple formatting features. 

The difference between these two Markup Languages is important for candidates appearing for IAS exam and various other competitive exams.

Difference Between XML and HTML - XML vs HTML

XML vs HTML – Comparison Between XML and HTML

Given below are few other links which may help Government exam aspirants to prepare for the Computer Knowledge section included in the exam syllabus:

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Difference Between XML and HTML PDF:-Download PDF Here

XML vs HTML – Comparative Analysis

For a better understanding as to how the two languages are different from each other, given below is a tabulated difference between XML and HTML for the assistance of candidates. Refer to the points of difference between the two:

Difference Between XML and HTML
The full form is eXtensible Markup Language The full form is Hypertext Markup Language
The main purpose is to focus on the transport of data and saving the data Focusses on the appearance of data. Enhances the appearance of text
XML is dynamic because it is used in the transport of data HTML is static because its main function is in the display of data
It is case-sensitive. The upper and lower case needs to be kept in mind while coding It is not case-sensitive. Upper and lower case are of not much importance in HTML
You can define tags as per your requirement, but closing tags are mandatory It has its own pre-defined tags, and it is not necessary to have closing tags
XML can preserve white spaces White spaces are not preserved in HTML
eXtensible Markup Language is content-driven, and not many formatting features are available Hypertext Markup Language, on the other hand, is presentation driven. How the text appears is of utmost importance
Any error in the code shall not give the final outcome Small errors in the coding can be ignored and the outcome can be achieved
The size of the document may be large No lengthy documents. Only the syntax needs to be added for best-formatted output

From the information given above, it can be concluded that although both are Markup Languages which are used to create webpages or web applications, the purpose and function of both are majorly different.

Aspirants for UPSC Exam must note that Computer-based questions are included in the Science and Technology part. Thus, for the assistance of candidates, links to a few other difference between articles have been given below. Analyse and apprehend the points of comparison between the various other Computer terms and programs through the links below:

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Difference Between XML and HTML PDF:-Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between XML and HTML


Q 1. What is the advantage of XML compared to HTML?

Ans. XML focuses on the transport of data without managing the appearance or presentation of the output. This makes XML easy to use as HTML focuses on presentation and has complex coding.

Q 2. What is the key difference between HTML and XML?

Ans. The key difference between HTML and XML is that HTML displays data and describes the structure of a webpage, whereas XML stores and transfers data. XML is a standard language which can define other computer languages, but HTML is a predefined language with its own implications.

Q 3. XML vs HTML: What is the full form of the two terms?

Ans. XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language and the full form of HTML is Hypertext Markup Language.

Q 4. What are the advantages of HTML over XML?

Ans. One of the biggest advantages of HTML over XML is that  Appearance and Presentation can be modified using HTML, which makes it more interactive. XML only focusses on the exchange of information.

Q 5. Can XML and HTML work Together?

Ans. Yes, XML and HTML, both can work together. While XML can transport the data and information, HTML can look after the display and presentation of their information.

To get the latest exam information, study material and the best preparation tips for the upcoming competitive exams, candidates can visit BYJU’S. 

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