Both XML and HTML are used to create webpages and web applications. However, the two are different in many ways. In this article, we shall discuss these points of difference between XML and HTML.
XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language and is used to transport and save data. The focus here is not on displaying or the appearance of the data.
On the other hand, HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This computer language helps to make the data more interactive with multiple formatting features.
The difference between these two Markup Languages is important for candidates appearing for IAS exam and various other competitive exams.
Given below are few other links which may help Government exam aspirants to prepare for the Computer Knowledge section included in the exam syllabus:
|Web Browser||MS Windows|
|Internet||10 Important Computer Related Terms|
|High Level Computer Languages||Fundamentals of Computer|
XML vs HTLM – Comparative Analysis
For a better understanding as to how the two languages are different from each other, given below is a tabulated difference between XML and HTML for the assistance of candidates. Refer to the points of difference between the two:
|Difference Between XML and HTML|
|The full form is eXtensible Markup Language||The full form is Hypertext Markup Language|
|The main purpose is to focus on the transport of data and saving the data||Focusses on the appearance of data. Enhances the appearance of text|
|XML is dynamic because it is used in the transport of data||HTML is static because its main function is in the display of data|
|It is case sensitive. The upper and lower case needs to be kept in mind while coding||It is not case sensitive. Upper and lower case are of not much importance in HTML|
|You can define tags as per your requirement but closing tags are mandatory||It has its own pre-defined tags and it is not necessary to have closing tags|
|XML can preserve white spaces||White spaces are not preserves in HTML|
|eXtensible Markup Language is content-driven and not many formatting features are available||Hypertext Markup Language, on the other hand, is presentation driven. How the text appears is of utmost importance|
|Any error in the code shall not give the final outcome||Small errors in the coding can be ignored and the outcome can be achieved|
|The size of the document may be large||No lengthy documents. Only the syntax needs to be added for best-formatted output|
From the information given above, it can be concluded that although both are Markup Languages which are used to create webpages or web applications, the purpose and function of both are majorly different.
For UPSC aspirants, Computer-based questions are included in the Science and Technology part. Thus, for the assistance of candidates, links to a few other difference between articles have been given below. Analyse and apprehend the points of comparison between the various other Computer terms and programs through the links below:
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Visit the 100+ difference between articles to get a comparative analysis of various other terms from the different fields of study, important from the competitive examination point of view.
Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between XML and HTML
Q 1. What is the advantage of XML compared to HTML?
Q 2. What is the key difference between HTML and XML?
Q 3. XML vs HTML: What is the full form of the two terms?
Q 4. What are the advantages of HTML over XML?
Q 5. Can XML and HTML work Together?
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