# 22 Aug 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

22 Aug 2020 CNA:-

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Haryana has more water than Punjab: Amarinder
2. M.P. will offer govt. jobs on NRA scores: Chouhan
C. GS 3 Related
DEFENCE
1. Army issues tender for 7.62mm ammunition from private firms
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
1. Kerala readies to host its first dragonfly festival
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Repeal and reform
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. Moving resolutely toward the post-pandemic future
2. Differential impact of COVID-19 and the lockdown
F. Prelims Facts
1. Indian Gaur
2. Strides gets USFDA nod for liver disease drug
3. Srisailam project
4. Turkey to convert another former church to mosque
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions


2. M.P. will offer govt. jobs on NRA scores: Chouhan

Context:

Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that state government jobs would be offered based on marks obtained in the National Recruitment Agency (NRA) test.

Background:

• The Union Cabinet approved the creation of the NRA to conduct a preliminary examination, the Common Eligibility Test, for recruitment to Group B and C (non-technical) vacancies in the Central Government.
• Currently, these posts are being filled through different examinations.

National Recruitment Agency (NRA):

• The agency will have representatives from the Staff Selection Commission (SSC), Railways Recruitment Board (SSC) and Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS).
• The proposed National Recruitment Agency (NRA) will conduct a common preliminary examination for various recruitments in the Central Government.
• However, the present recruitment agencies– IBPS, RRB and SCC — will remain in place.
• Based on the screening done at the CET score level, final selection for recruitment shall be made through separate specialized Tiers (II, III, etc.) of examination which shall be conducted by the respective recruitment agencies.

1. Kerala readies to host its first dragonfly festival

Context:

The WWF-India Kerala unit, in association with the Society for Odonate Studies (SOS) and Thumbipuranam, is organising the first-ever State Dragonfly Festival in Kerala.

Details:

• The Dragonfly Festival is named Thumbimahotsavam 2020.
• The festival is expected to culminate with the state dragonfly summit to be organised in January 2021.

Note:

The events are a part of a national dragonfly festival being organised by the WWF India, Bombay Natural History Society and the Indian Dragonfly Society in association with the National Biodiversity Board, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme and the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Why are Dragonflies important?

• Dragonflies act as important bio-indicators of the ecological health of an area.
• They help in controlling the population of harmful insects and mosquitoes.
• Dragonfly larvae are equally important as they feed onto mosquito eggs and larvae, protecting the surroundings from Malaria and Dengue.
• They survive in pure and clean water ensuring that the water body is clean.

2. Strides gets USFDA nod for liver disease drug

What’s in News?

Strides Pharma Science’s step-down subsidiary has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) to market Ursodiol tablets, used for the treatment of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.

Ursodiol:

• Ursodiol is a bile acid that decreases the amount of cholesterol produced by the liver and absorbed by the intestines.
• Ursodiol helps break down cholesterol that has formed into stones in the gallbladder.
• Ursodiol also increases bile flow in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis:

• Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive disease of the liver.
• It is caused by a buildup of bile within the liver that results in damage to the small bile ducts that drain bile from the liver. Over time, this pressure build-up destroys the bile ducts leading to liver cell damage.

3. Srisailam project

What’s in News?

Nine people have been killed in a fire in one of the units of the state-run hydel station of the Srisailam project on the Telangana side of the inter-state border across River Krishna.

• The Srisailam Dam is constructed across the Krishna River on the border of Mahabubnagar district, Telangana and Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh.
• Srisailam Dam has the hydroelectric station with the second-largest working capacity in the country, after Tehri Dam.
• The dam was constructed in a deep gorge in the Nallamala Hills in between Mahabubnagar and Kurnool districts.

4. Turkey to convert another former church to mosque

What’s in News?

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has ordered the conversion of the Kariye Museum into a mosque.

Details:

• The ancient Orthodox church, Kariye Museum became a mosque and then a popular Istanbul museum.
• The 1,000-year-old building’s history closely mirrors that of the Hagia Sophia.
• The Holy Saviour in Chora was a medieval Byzantine church decorated with 14th-century frescoes (paintings) of the Last Judgement.
• It was originally converted into the Kariye Mosque half a century after the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453.
• It became the Kariye Museum after the Second World War as Turkey pushed ahead with the creation of a more secular new republic.

G. Tidbits

Nothing here for today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to Bioindicators:
1. Lichens are indicators of air quality.
2. Algal blooms indicate an increase of nitrates and phosphates in lakes.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

• The lichens are useful bioindicators for air pollution, especially sulfur dioxide pollution.
• Algal blooms indicate an increase of nitrates and phosphates in lakes.
Q2. Consider the following statements about the distribution of coal in India:
1. Anthracite is found only in Jharkhand.
2. Bituminous coal is found in Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh.
3. Lignite is found in the regions of Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Jammu and Kashmir.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. 3 only

Explanation:

• Anthracite: It is the highest grade of coal containing a high percentage of fixed carbon. It is hard, brittle, black and lustrous. In India, Anthracite is found only in Jammu and Kashmir and that too in small quantity.
• Bituminous: It is a medium grade of coal having high heating capacity. It is the most commonly used type of coal for electricity generation in India. Most of the bituminous coal is found in Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh.
• Subbituminous: It is black in colour, dull (not shiny) and has a higher heating value than lignite.
• Lignite: It is the lowest grade coal with the least carbon content. It is found in the regions of Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Jammu & Kashmir.
Q3. Which of the following is/are the functions of the Central Water Commission (CWC)?
1. It is responsible for the monitoring of the flood situation during monsoons.
2. It is responsible for the appraisal of project reports pertaining to major inter-state project proposals.
3. It is responsible for coordination with states for establishing river basin organisations as per National Water Policy, the examination of project reports, etc.
4. It is responsible for the monitoring of water resource projects at the central level.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 2 and 3 only
2. 3 and 4 only
3. 1, 2 and 4 only
4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation:

• CWC is responsible for monitoring the flood situation through Central Flood Control Room during the monsoon period.
• CWC is responsible for the appraisal of the preliminary/detailed project reports pertaining to major inter-state project proposals.
• It is responsible for coordination with states for establishing river basin organisations as per National Water Policy, the examination of project reports, etc.
• Monitoring of WR projects at the central level is done by CWC under the aegis of a three-tier monitoring system.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to Indian Gaur:
1. It is the state animal of Goa.
2. It is classified as Endangered in the IUCN Red List.
3. Indian Gaurs can only be found in India.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

1. 1 only
2. 1 and 2 only
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. 2 and 3 only

Explanation:

• Indian Gaurs (Bos gaurus) is the state animal of Goa.
• It is classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List.
• Indian Gaurs are found on the forested hills and grassy areas of South to South-east Asia.
• They are found in India, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

1. Discuss the salient features and the role of the recently established National Recruitment Agency. (GS 2 Polity and Governance) (10 Marks, 150 Words).
2. Constitutional crises in India’s neighbourhood have a major impact on India’s ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy. Examine. (GS 2 International Relations) (15 Marks, 250 Words).