Carbis Bay Declaration

G7 countries met at Carbis Bay located in Cornwall, United Kingdom on 11-13 June 2021. This year, the United Kingdom holds the G7 presidency. The major topics in the agenda included COVID-19, climate change, and trade among others.

Carbis Bay Health declaration is signed during this event, and it aimed at preventing future pandemics.

International organizations are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. This article talks about the recent declaration in the 47th G7 summit.

This article can be useful for preparing the international relations segment in UPSC Mains GS 2 and the facts related to the 2021 summit can be useful for the Civil Services Examination Prelims as well.

The aspirants can learn related topics useful for the upcoming government exams from the links below:

Facts of Carbis Bay Declaration for UPSC

Brief facts about Carbis Bay Declaration for UPSC Prelims
Carbis Bay Declaration is related to which summit/conference? G7 summit 2021
Which country hosted the G7 summit in 2021? The United Kingdom
Where was the 47th G7 summit held? Carbis Bay, Cornwall (The United Kingdom)
Who were the guest countries for the G7 summit 2021? India, Australia, South Korea, and South Africa

Highlights of Carbis Bay Health Declaration

  • The nations have pledged to fight against COVID-19 and end the global pandemic in 2022. Also, it has planned to strengthen and support the World Health Organisation (WHO) in coordinating the global health system.
  • The nations forecast that at least 60% of the global population has to be vaccinated/immunised to achieve the set goal of ending the pandemic in 2022. Therefore, it is highly important to expedite the process of accessibility of vaccines for the poorest countries.
  • In this scenario, 11 billion coronavirus vaccine doses will be required to vaccinate at least 70% of the global population by mid-2022.
  • The nations restated their support for the G20 Rome Declaration at this summit.
  • The countries reiterated their support for the ACT-A and recognise its COVAX Facility as the primary route for providing COVID-19 vaccines to the poorest nations.
ACT-A

  • It stands for Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator.
  • It is a landmark collaboration launched in April 2020 by WHO, the President of France, the President of the European Commission, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
  • Four pillars – diagnostics, treatment, vaccines and health system strengthening.
  • Aim – to accelerate the equitable distribution and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to ensure fair and equitable access for every country across the globe. Also, to restore societal and economic activity globally in the near future to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic.

COVAX

  • Full form – The COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access Facility
  • It is the vaccine pillar of ACT-A.
  • It is co-led by Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) and WHO, alongside key delivery partner UNICEF.
  • The nations in the summit pledged to secure a further 1 billion coronavirus vaccine doses, either through contributing surplus supplies or providing further finance to the COVAX facility. While 100 million doses would come from the United Kingdom.
  • The nations also stated that they would discuss at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) regarding the issue of intellectual property waivers to support the manufacturing of vaccines in low-income countries.
  • The nations reiterated the need for a new health surveillance system that can act as a new global watchdog with powers to conduct inspections to monitor any outbreaks in the future, similar to the existing systems for controlling chemical weapons.
  • In case of any outbreak in the future, the leaders of G7 nations agreed to act rapidly, to make vaccines, tests, and treatments available within 100 days.
Group of Seven (G7)

  • G7 is a political symposium.
  • The leaders from G7 countries meet every year since the 1970s.
  • G7 countries:
  1. United States
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Germany
  4. France
  5. Canada
  6. Japan
  7. Italy
  • Earlier, it was called the G8 when Russia joined in 1998, but it was excluded from the group after the takeover of Crimea in 2014.
  • The member countries of the G7 are the world’s wealthiest liberal democracies, and they closely maintain strong economic and diplomatic ties.
  • G7 doesn’t have any legal existence, permanent secretariat, or official members.

To read more about G7, its history, India’s stand at G7 summit and various other facts, check the linked article.

Related UPSC preparation links:

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