The Red Corridor, also known as the red zone, located in the eastern, central, and southern parts of India, is a region affected by the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. This zone is an enormous internal security concern as the environment is deprived of natural law and human rights. According to publicly available statistics, incidents of violence in the region have decreased, but no new surveys assess the current situation.
It is an important topic in the internal security of the UPSC syllabus. All IAS aspirants must refer to the details discussed further below in this article.
Aspirants can visit the linked article and get details about the upcoming government exams that comprise current affairs and general awareness as an important topic in the syllabus.
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What is the Red Corridor in India?
The zone comprising the central, southern, and eastern parts of India covering around 11 states with the major concentration in Odisha, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand is regarded as the Red Corridor. It is popular in news for Maoist insurgency. If you are preparing for the IAS exam, this topic is an important one to keep in mind.
The zone is underdeveloped and people living in this area are economically downtrodden without even the bare necessities of life. This area is among the poorest in the nation, with shocking levels of poverty and inequality.
In 2019, the number of districts under Maoist influence had been cut down from 90 to 180. However, the problem remains unresolved. The corridor area continues to face tremendous social, economic and political challenges that remain unaddressed. The social structure is tiered, with feudal and caste divides. The tribal communities living in the area have strong social group distinctions, who are involved in violence and bloodshed in certain regions of the area.
What is the source of the Red Corridor’s energy?
The protest has been continuing for as long as 51 years. This movement has been able to sustain for a long time because it has support from both inside and outside the country. In the beginning, the Naxalites were able to secure guns from the people in the area. Then they started taking police weapons and other ammunition from the armory.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) is said to provide training to the militants of the red corridor to fight well. Nepal has also traded weapons, strategies and training plans, and many other tactical weapons with the fighters of this region.
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Internal Security Risk
The risk involved in this region varies from low-level civil unrest to violent insurgencies like the Maoist insurgency. In severe circumstances, it can take the form of terrorism, necessitating the intervention of paramilitary forces. Specific procedures, such as secret trials and incarceration, are employed to cope with people who pose a danger to the country’s security.
The construction of this corridor poses a greater internal security risk since it allows for easy mobility and secure transit. Dense forestation and poor connectivity provide a guise in this corridor. The Maoists carry out their actions without much interference from the government. All this profits them, as they can conduct mobile combat across the so-called Naxal Belt.
The location borders a number of states, providing the Maoists with an edge. There is a lack of police cooperation at interstate borders, which may be readily abused. Furthermore, the Maoists take advantage of differences in state government policies such as surrenders, discussions, and police strategies.
The Red Corridor is unquestionably an internal security danger. Although the movement professes to advocate people’s rights, it is the people in the area who are highly affected. The government is striving to use the resources available in the region to meet the demand of the people living in the area.
This topic is frequently questioned and should be considered while making your UPSC notes. For people taking an exam like the UPSC prelims or the IAS exam, this information is very important. It is also vital in preparing for any current affairs quiz. “Red corridor” is the most common topic you’ll hear about because it has a lot of weight in the UPSC exam.