Difference Between Nazism and Fascism

Nazism and Fascism are two faces of the same coin of totalitarianism. Although both Nazism and Fascism reject the ideology of liberalism, democracy and communism, there are some fundamental differences between the two.

Nazism and Fascism have their origin in the 20th century. Fascism and fascists are commonly associated with the rise of Mussolini in Italy while Nazi and Nazism are associated with Hitler in Germany (Weimar Republic).

Both ideologies played a key role in igniting the Second World War which led to an untold amount of destruction and chaos. As of today, both Nazism and Fascism are looked at in an unfavourable light by a vast majority of the world’s population.

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Difference between Nazism and Fascism - UPSC 2021 Exam

This article will talk about the difference between Nazism and Fascism. The details gathered from this article will be of immense use for the IAS Exam.

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Fascism vs Nazism – Difference   

The difference between Nazism and Fascism is given below:   

Differences Between Fascism and Nazism



Fascism believes in the corporatization of all elements to form an ‘Organic State’. For Fascists state was an unimportant element of their beliefs Nazism emphasised on racism. The doctrine believed in the superiority of a state ruled by a particular race, in this case, the ‘Aryan’ race
Fascism believed in the class system and sought to preserve it for a better social order Nazism considered a class-based society a hindrance to racial unity and sought to eliminate it
Fascism considered the state as a means of advancing the goal of nationalism  Nazism considered the state as a tool for the preservation and advancement of the master race.
The word ‘Fascism’ comes from the Italian word ‘fascismo’, which is derived from ‘fascio‘ meaning “a bundle of sticks”, ultimately from the Latin word ‘fasces’ ‘Fasces’ was a symbol of power in the ancient Roman Empire Nazism is derived from the German language name of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party
Benito Mussolini and Oswald Mosley are the notable personalities of Fascism
Adolf Hitler and Joseph Mengele are famous Nazis

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Both Fascism and Nazism are regular topics in the UPSC Mains Examination. You can more about additional topics by visiting the UPSC Mains Syllabus page. Moreover, the additional links below will also aid you in your exam preparation.

Difference Between Nazism and Fascism – Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Nazism and Fascism


Q 1. What is meant by Fascism?

Ans. Fascism is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism marked by forcible suppression of opposition, dictatorial power, and strong regimentation of society and economy.

Q 2. What is meant by Nazism?

Ans. Nazism emphasised on racism. The doctrine believed in the superiority of a state ruled by a particular race.

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