World Day of War Orphans - Facts for UPSC

Every year on January 6th, the World Day of War Orphans is commemorated. The purpose of the day is to raise public awareness concerning children who have become orphaned as a result of wars. The goal of the day is to raise awareness about the plight of war orphans and to emphasise the psychological, social, and physical obstacles that children experience as they grow up.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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History of World Day of War Orphans

SOS Enfants en Detresses, a French organisation, founded the World Day of War Orphans. According to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), almost 9,00,000 children live in the Northeast, all of them have been severely impacted by the war, whether via a lack of education, food, housing, or physical damage. IDPs (International Displaced Persons) are people who have been forced to leave everything behind, including their homes, places of employment, and possessions. It’s critical that they don’t become hungry or succumb to sickness.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

There were over 140 million orphans worldwide, according to unicef.org, with 52 million in Africa, 10 million in the Caribbean and Latin America, 61 million in Asia, and 7.3 million in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. There were over 140 million orphans worldwide, according to unicef.org, with 61 million in Asia, 52 million in Africa, 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 7.3 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Millions of children have become orphaned, according to the evidence; the vast majority of orphans live with a remaining parent, grandparent, or any other family member. All orphans are above the age of five years in 95 percent of cases. In affluent countries, the number of orphans is quite low. However, in areas where there have been wars or major diseases, their numbers are far higher.

According to UNICEF, the total number of orphans grew between 1990 and 2001. However, since the year of 2001, the estimated number of orphans has been steadily decreasing, at a pace of barely 0.7 percent each year. Because children are frequently neglected, World Day of War Orphans is commemorated every year to recognise these children and to remind us of our responsibility to work hard to reduce the shadow of warfare so that no one is left orphaned in this world.

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