Comprehensive News Analysis - 30 March 2017

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related
B. GS2 Related

POLITY

1. GST: Pooling sovereignty, promoting federalism

2. The modern way

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. China to fund local elections in Nepal

C. GS3 Related

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Early shift to renewables needed to save climate: IRENA

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. Supreme Court bans sale of BS-III vehicles from April 1

MISCELLANEOUS

1. Jugglery of numbers over defence purchases?

D. GS4 Related
E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn 

1. Bambi bucket

F. BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGS IN NEWS
G. Fun with Practice Questions 🙂
H. Archives

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Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

 

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related
Category: POLITY

1. GST: Pooling sovereignty, promoting federalism 

Impact of GST law

  • The GST administration has made an institutional and Constitutional system for helpful federalism in the field of aberrant tax assessment.
  • Limited the energy of Lok Sabha, in light of a legitimate concern for federalism, and approved a pooling of sway in tax collection matters with 32 state and Union domain lawmaking bodies.
  • Neither the Parliament all alone nor the state lawmaking bodies exclusively or together can supersede the aggregate suggestions of the GST Council.
  • In the GST administration, the Union and the states will be vested with simultaneous forces to require GST on intra-state supply of products and ventures and the union will be vested with the restrictive energy to collect GST on the supply of merchandise and enterprises throughout between state exchange or business which incorporates supply over the span of imports into the region of India.
  • There will be a State GST (SGST) and a Central GST (CGST) for intra-state supplies and an Integrated GST (IGST) for between state supplies. There will be separate laws for forcing these duties. SGST Act must be ordered by each state and CGST Act and IGST Act must be established by the Parliament.
  • Taxes on oil(petroleum) based goods and liquor have been kept out of the GST net. 

 Path forward

  • Create and expand a comparable system in different fields of financial federalism.
  • Rejuvenating the Inter State Council, which is a Constitutional body set up on the premise of arrangements in Article 263 of the Constitution. The body was framed by a Presidential Order on suggestion of the Sarkaria Commission. It is the Council’s mandate to discuss all manner of policies, and subjects of common interest.

2. The modern way

Recently Lok Sabha passed Mental Health Care Bill, within it involves series of provisions to cater to the needs of mentally imbalanced individuals.

Areas to be focused

  • India is having inadequate base of professionals to the tune of 0.3 psychiatrists for 100,000 people (China – 1.7) to handle mentally unsound people.
  • Trained clinical psychologist and psychiatric social workers availability is minimal.
  • Funding of National Mental Health Programme under health budget.
  • Raising effective primary and district level coverage of mental health services, without requiring people to travel long distances to see a specialist and get medicines.
  • Primary health care physicians to be trained to handle cases of mild and severe forms- anxiety disorders , depression, alcohol and substance abuse.

Important noteworthy provisions

  • Recognising the right to medical treatment, decriminalisation of attempted suicide, explicit acceptance of agency of people with mental illness and their freedom to choose treatments, prohibition of discrimination and regulation of establishments working in the field.
  • Prohibiting seclusion of patients and prohibiting general use of electro-convulsive therapy.
  • Treatment approach to rely more on family and community support.


Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. China to fund local elections in Nepal 

What’s in news?

  • China has extended financial support to Nepal for holding local-level elections.
  • First time Nepal will hold local polls since the return of democracy a decade ago.
  • This move is opposed by Madeshi people.
 
C. GS3 Related

Category: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Early shift to renewables needed to save climate: IRENA

What’s in news?

  • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)- new discoveries -Countries over the world should concentrate on quickened arrangement of sustainable power source and vitality proficiency measures to accomplish decrease in carbon emanations basic to keeping worldwide temperature ascend to close to two degree Celsius and staying away from the most extreme effects of environmental change
  • IRENA gauges that worldwide carbon emanations can be lessened by 70% by 2050 and totally eliminated by 2060.
  • The report additionally stresses the significance of considering the requirements of those without vitality get to.
  • The contemplate stresses the requirement for fast development in sunlight based and wind control era, in blend with empowering networks, and new working practices.
  • It additionally underlines the need to advance electric vehicles and fluid biofuel creation and to prepare an aggregate of 2 billion structures over the world with vitality proficiency measures.

Key Fact

  • India races to meet its objective of 175 GW of energy from inexhaustible by 2020.
  • Renewable vitality now represents 24% of worldwide power era and 16% of essential vitality supply.

Decarburization

  • The concentrate must be on decarbonisation of the worldwide vitality framework as it records for just about 66% of ozone harming substance discharges
  • To accomplish decarburization, by 2050, renewable ought to be 80% of energy era and 65% of aggregate essential vitality supply.

Basic Information

  • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA): The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental association to advance reception and practical utilization of sustainable power source. The organization is headquartered in Abu Dhabi.

Aim

  • Acting as the worldwide voice for sustainable power sources, IRENA will give handy guidance and support to both industrialized and creating nations, help them enhance their administrative systems and manufacture limit. The organization will encourage access to all important data including dependable information on the capability of sustainable power source, best practices, successful budgetary


Category: SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY

1. Supreme Court bans sale of BS-III vehicles from April 1

 

What’s in news?

  • SC orders -solidify on the enrollment and offer of BS-III fuel protestation vehicles by any producer or merchants from April 2017
  • BS-III complaint poses serious health hazards
  • From April 1, 2017 onwards BS-IV norms kicks in


Category: MISCELLANEOUS

1. Jugglery of numbers over defence purchases?

 

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute –Report

  • India is the biggest merchant of military hardware in the world, representing 13% of the aggregate worldwide arms imports in the vicinity of 2012 and 2016. More than both China and Pakistan’s.
  • The report calls attention to that India expanded its arms imports by 43% between 2007-11 and 2012-16.

 

UPSC 2017: Best of PIB      UPSC 2017: Editorial Articles

 


D. GS4 Related 
Nothing here for today!!!

 

 

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn 

Bambi bucket
A bambi bucket is a specialised bucket suspended on a cable carried by a helicopter to deliver water for aerial firefighting. Each bucket has a release valve on the bottom which is controlled by the helicopter crew. When the helicopter is in position, the crew releases the water to extinguish or suppress the fire below. Each release of the water is referred to as a drop.
 
F. BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGS IN NEWS 
BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGANISATIONS IN NEWS About the Article
Article 263:Provisions with respect to an inter State Council

If any any time it appears to the President that the public interests would be served by the establishment of a Council charged with the duty of

(a) inquiring into and advising upon disputes which may have arisen between States;

(b) investigating and discussing subjects in which some or all of the States, or the Union and one or more of the States, have a common interest; or

(c) making recommendations upon any such subject and, in particular, recommendations for the better co ordination of policy and action with respect to that subject, in shall be lawful for the President by order to establish such a Council, and to define the nature of the duties to be performed by it and its organisation and procedure PART XII FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS CHAPTER I FINANCE General

 
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam:)
Question 1: Consider the following statement with reference to Inter State 
Council:
  1. It is a constitutional body
  2. It is a statutory body
  3. It is established by Parliament
  4. It is established by President.
  5. Prime Minister is the chairman
  6. Home minister is the chairman

Choose the correct answer.

  1. 1,3 and 6
  2. 1,4 and 6
  3. 1,4 and 5
  4. 2,3 and 4
See
Answer
Question 2: Consider the following statement with reference to International 
Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA):
  1. It is a UN agency
  2. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental association.
  3. IRNEA is headquartered in Abu Dhabi.

Choose the correct answer

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 2 and 3
  3. Only 2
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 3: Consider the following statements:
  1. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India.
  2. SEBI is a statutory body.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None
See
Answer
Question 4: Consider the following statements:
  1. Bharat stage emission standards’ are emission standards instituted by the Government of India to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles.
  2. The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by the Central Pollution Control Board.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None
See
Answer

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