Important Indian Freedom Fighters and their contributions

History is an important topic in UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exams. The event of Indian independence portrayed in Modern Indian history also has a prominent role in all competitive exams.

The Indian independence movement was a great movement by various people from nooks and corners of the country. They had sacrificed their lives and soul for the independence of their country. There are numerous freedom fighters in India who have fought against British rule. This easy table will help you remember the famous freedom fighters along with their notable contributions towards the Indian freedom fight.

Important Indian Freedom Fighters and their contributions

Freedom Fighter Notable Activities/Events
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Father of nation

Civil rights activist in South Africa

Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha


Civil disobedience

Quit India movement

Dr. B R Ambedkar Father of Constitution

First Law Minister of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad First President of The Republic of India

Leader from Bihar

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement

Unified India

Jawaharlal Nehru Pre-eminent fighter

First Prime Minister of India

Bhagat Singh Most influential revolutionary
Rani Gaidinliu Naga spiritual and political leader
Pingali Venkayya Designer of the flag on which our National Flag is based
Rani Laxmi Bai Indian Rebellion of 1857
Veerapandiya Kattabomman Was an 18th-century Tamil chieftain.

He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and waged war against them. 

He was captured by the British and was hanged on 16 October 1799

Mangal Pandey Indian Rebellion of 1857
Bakht Khan Indian Rebellion of 1857
Chetram Jatav Indian Rebellion of 1857
Bahadur Shah Zafar Indian Rebellion of 1857
Begum Hazrat Mahal Indian Rebellion of 1857
Asaf Ali Indian national movement
Ashfaqulla Khan Kakori conspiracy
Manmath Nath Gupta Kakori conspiracy
Rajendra Lahiri Kakori conspiracy
Sachindra Bakshi Kakori conspiracy
Ram Prasad Bismil Kakori conspiracy
Roshan Singh Kakori conspiracy
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee Kakori conspiracy
Annie Besant Starting the Home Rule Movement
Bagha Jatin The Howrah-Shibpur conspiracy case
Kartar Singh Sarabha Lahore conspiracy
Basawon Singh (Sinha) Lahore conspiracy case
Senapati Bapat Leader of the Mulshi Satyagraha
Bhikaji Cama Unfurled the Indian flag at the International Socialist Conference at Stuttgart in Germany, 1907
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi Founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Tirupur Kumaran Founder of the Desa Bandhu Youth Association
Lakshmi Sahgal Officer of the Indian Army
Parbati Giri Mother Teresa of Western Orissa.
Kanneganti Hanumanthu Palnadu Rebellion
Alluri Sitarama Raju Rampa Rebellion 1922-1924
Sucheta Kriplani Chief Minister of an Indian state (UP)

Founder of the All India Mahila Congress 1940

She sang Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly on 15th August 1947

Bhavabhushan Mitra Ghadar Mutiny
Chandra Shekhar Azad Reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder
Subhas Chandra Bose Was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress.
The INA revealed Subhash Bose’s greatness as a military leader and an organiser. (He was not the founder of INA).
Chittaranjan Das Leader in Non-cooperation Movement from Bengal and Founder of Swaraj party
Prafulla Chaki The Muzaffarpur killing
Khudiram Bose The Muzaffarpur killing
Madan Lal Dhingra The assassination of Curzon Wyllie
Surya Sen Mastermind of Chittagong Armoury raid
Pritilata Waddedar Pahartali European Club attack
Rash Behari Bose Indian National Army
Shyamji Krishna Varma Founder of the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
Subodh Roy Tebhaga movement
Tanguturi Prakasam The first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines.
Ubaidullah Sindhi Silk Letter Conspiracy
Vasudev Balwant Phadke Deccan Rebellion
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar One of the leading figures of Hindu Mahasabha and the formulator of Hindu Nationalist Philosophy

UPSC Previous Year Questions on Modern Indian history

UPSC has asked many questions from the freedom fighter and their contributions. This portion in Modern Indian history is considered as an important topic for UPSC Prelims Examination. 

Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942? (UPSC IAS Prelims 2011)

  1. It was a non-violent movement
  2. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi
  3. It was a spontaneous movement
  4. It did not attract the labor class in general

Answer: A

Frequently Asked Questions on Important Indian Freedom Fighters


Q 1. Why is Mahatma Gandhi known as the Father of the Nation?

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Father of the Nation as he was one of the greatest freedom fighters and one of the key driving forces behind the independence of India.

Q 2. Who were the greatest women freedom fighters of India?

Ans. A few of the greatest women freedom fighters of India are as follows:

  • Rani Laxmi Bai
  • Begum Hazrat Mahal
  • Lakshmi Sahgal
  • Annie Besant
  • Sucheta Kriplani

Important Indian Freedom Fighters:- Download PDF Here

Also Read:

UPSC Calendar 2023
UPSC IAS Previous Question paper
How to Study History for IAS


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