Important Indian Freedom Fighters and their contributions

History is an important topic in UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam. The event of Indian independence portrayed in Modern Indian history also has a prominent role in all competitive exams.

Know more about complete UPSC Syllabus and IAS Exam

The Indian independence movement was a great movement by various people from nooks and corner of the country. They had sacrificed their blood and soul for the independence of their country. There are most freedom fighters in India who has done exemplary agitation against the Britisher. This easy table will help you to remember the famous freedom fighters along with their notable contributions towards the Indian freedom fight.

Freedom Fighter

Notable Activities

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Father of nation

Civil rights activist in South Africa

Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha


Civil disobedience

Quit India movement

Dr. B R Ambedkar

Father of Constitution

first Law Minister of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

first president of The Republic of India

Leader from Bihar

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Actively participated in Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement

Unified India

Jawaharlal Nehru

Preeminent fighter

First prime minister of India

Bhagat Singh

most influential revolutionary

Rani Gaidinliu

Naga spiritual and political leader

Pingali Venkayya

Designed the national flag

Rani Laxmi BAI

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Veerapandiya Kattabomman

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Mangal Pandey

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Bakht Khan

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Chetram Jatav

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Bahadur Shah Zafar

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Begum Hazrat Mahal

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Asaf Ali

Indian national movement

Ashfaqulla Khan

Kakori conspiracy

Manmath Nath Gupta

Kakori conspiracy

Rajendra Lahiri

Kakori conspiracy

Sachindra Bakshi

Kakori conspiracy

Ram Prasad Bismil

Kakori conspiracy

Roshan Singh

Kakori conspiracy

Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee

Kakori conspiracy

Annie Besant

Starting the Home Rule Movement

Bagha Jatin

The Howrah-Shibpur conspiracy case

Kartar Singh Sarabha

Lahore conspiracy

Basawon Singh (Sinha)

Lahore conspiracy case

Senapati Bapat

leader of the Mulshi Satyagraha

Bhikaji Cama

Unfurled the Indian flag at the International Socialist Conference at Stuttgart in Germany, 1907.

Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi

Founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

Tirupur Kumaran

founder of the Desa Bandhu Youth Association

Lakshmi Sahgal

officer of the Indian Army

Parbati Giri

Mother Teresa of Western Orissa.

Kanneganti Hanumanthu

Palnadu Rebellion

Alluri Sitarama Raju

Rampa Rebellion 1922-1924

Sucheta Kriplani

Chief Minister of an Indian state (UP)

founder of the All India Mahila Congress 1940

she sang Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly on 15th August 1947.

Bhavabhushan Mitra

Ghadar Mutiny

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder

Subhas Chandra Bose

Founder of the Indian National Army.

Chittaranjan Das

Leader in Non-cooperation Movement from Bengal and Founder of Swaraj party

Prafulla Chaki

The Muzaffarpur killing

Khudiram Bose

The Muzaffarpur killing

Madan Lal Dhingra

Assassination of Curzon Wyllie

Surya Sen

Mastermind of Chittagong Armour raid

Pritilata Waddedar

Pahartali European Club attack

Rash Behari Bose

Indian National Army

Shyamji Krishna Varma

Founder of the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.

Subodh Roy

Tebhaga movement

Tanguturi Prakasam

The first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines.

Ubaidullah Sindhi

Silk Letter Conspiracy

Vasudev Balwant Phadke

Deccan Rebellion

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Father of Hindu Nationalism


UPSC Previous year questions on Modern Indian history

UPSC has asked many questions from the freedom fighter and their contributions. This portion in Modern Indian history is considered as an important topic for UPSC Prelims Examination. 

Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942? (UPSC IAS Prelims 2011)

  1. It was a non-violent movement
  2. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi
  3. It was a spontaneous movement
  4. It did not attract the labor class in general

Answer: B


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