TABLE OF CONTENT
A. GS1 Related B. GS2 Related POLITY 1. Data protection law mooted INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1. MoU moots ties with Mauritius Parliament 2. Resolve Qatar crisis via constructive talks: India C. GS3 Related ECONOMICS 1. Farm think tank’s formula to redress agriculture distress ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY 1. Rhododendrons of eastern Himalayas under threat D. GS4 Related E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
UPSC Current Affairs 2017: News Analysis
A. GS1 Related
Nothing here for Today!!!
- The government is mulling a new data protection law to protect personal data of citizens
- It will also create an enabling framework to allow public data to be mined effectively
Significance of the move
- It comes amid the debate over security of individuals’ private data, including Aadhaar-linked biometrics
- Owing to the rising number of cyber-crimes in the country, the law becomes even more important
- The working agency: The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEIT) is working on the new data protection law
Aim of the law
- To ensure that personal data of individuals remain protected and is not misused
- To unlock the data economy
- A lot of benefits can be derived from the data that is publicly available, by using technology and big data analytics
- The information can be used for the benefit of both individuals and companies
No regulatory body
- Currently, India does not have a separate law for data protection
- There is no body that specifically regulates data privacy
- Nominal data protection law in India in the form of the Reasonable Security Guidelines under Section 43A of the Information Technology Act
- However, it is a toothless law and is never used
What is Consumer Protection Act?
- It was enacted in 2015
- As per the Act, the disclosure of personal information given in confidence is an unfair trade practice
Privacy: A fundamental right
- Privacy is a fundamental human right
- It is recognised as such in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- India has ratified the UN’s International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which contains an obligation to protect privacy
- India and Mauritius signed a pact to institutionalize cooperation between the parliaments of the two countries.
- Key point: the relations between the two countries are based on centuries of cultural, linguistic, social and spiritual links that transcend extraneous considerations.
Context: recent decision by Saudi Arabia and some other countries to break diplomatic relations with Qatar.
Background information: Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE and Bahrain announced that they were cutting diplomatic ties and closing all connectivity links with Qatar, accusing it of supporting terrorism.
- India asked countries in the Gulf region to resolve the Qatar crisis through constructive dialogue, well-established international principles of mutual respect, sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
- GCC countries and India: over eight million Indian expatriates living and working in these countries, India is having vital stakes in the regional peace and stability.
C. GS3 Related
Context: Ongoing farmers’ agitation in many States
- The Indian Council of Food and Agriculture (ICFA), an agriculture think tank, has suggested to the Centre to consider its seven-point formula to redress farmers’ distress across the country.
- Some of the major recommendations includes:
- Assuring a decent income for the farmers was vital, and, therefore, the recommendations of the National Commission on Farmers (Swaminathan Commission) on the minimum support prices (MSP) for crops must be fixed at levels of at least 50% more than the weighted average cost of production.
- Establishing easily accessible procurement centres .
- Opening of domestic and international markets for free trade: which could help farmers in realising better profit prospects.
- Operating futures markets across all farm produce:another effective strategy to offset the uncertainties associated with price fluctuations of agricultural commodities. Futures contract route helped farmers decide on trade for a standing crop at a future date at a price agreed before the harvest.
- Establishing a national network of Panchayat level rural growth centres that would create village-level agri-businesses and connect farmers with institutions, banks, technologies and markets.
- North-eastern States in India are home to 97% of the Rhododendron species and sub-species in the country.
- New Threat: indiscriminate felling and loss of habitat in the north-eastern States has left many of these beautiful flowering plants vulnerable to extinction.
- Epiphytic species, which grow on other trees or plants, of rhododendrons with limited population are most vulnerable due to loss of the host trees.
- In high altitude areas of Arunachal Pradesh, rhododendrons are routinely cut for firewood by local people, forest fires in the dry seasons in Manipur and Nagaland were threatening the survival of many species.
- The endemic R. wattii from Dzukou hills of Manipur and Nagaland is one of the most critically endangered species in India, with only a few adult trees remaining in their natural habitat.
- Rhododendron (rose tree in Greek) —18 species endemic to India.
- The publication, Rhododendron of North East India: A Pictorial Handbook by scientists Ashiho A. Mao, Sudhansu Sekhar Dash and Paramjit Singh (no need to remember the names ) points out that studies and records suggest that there are 132 taxa (80 species, 25 sub species and 27 varieties) of Rhododendron found in India, of which 129 are found in the north-eastern India alone.
- Only three taxa — Rhododendron arboretum nilagiricum found in south India and Rhododendron colletianum and Rhododendron rawatti from the western Himalayas are not found in the north-east.
- Arunachal Pradesh is home to the highest number with 119 taxa (74 species, 21 sub species and 24 varieties) of the Rhododendron. The small State of Sikkim is home to 42 taxa (25 species, 11 sub-species and six varieties) while 10 taxa are found in Manipur, four in Mizoram and 11 in Nagaland.
- Geographical factors: cold, moist slopes and deep valleys of the eastern Himalayas form a conducive habitat for the luxuriant growth of Rhododendron species. Nowhere in the world, are such unique geographical and ecological formations are found. This is the primary reason for such a diversity of Rhododendron available in the region
- The two famous Rhododendron sanctuaries in the Sikkim State are Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary in the West district, covering an area of 104 sq.km and Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary in Yumthang valley of North district with an area of 43 sq.km.
- Rhododendrons are used in local medicines against colds, coughs and chronic bronchitis and diarrhoea.
Nothing here for Today!!!
Bill/Acts/Schemes in News
|About the Schemes|
Question 1: Recently Health Ministry of Government of India, introduced new vaccine - Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. This particular vaccine is used to treat:
- Hib pneumonia
- Pneumococcal pneumonia
Question 2: Which among the following vaccines come under Penatavalent vaccine?
- Diphtheria, Pertussis or whooping cough, tetanus, Hepatitis B and Hib vaccines.
- Diphtheria, Pertussis/whooping cough ,polio), Hepatitis B and Hib vaccines.
- Diphtheria, Pertussis/whooping cough and tetanus), Hepatitis C and Hib vaccines.
- Diphtheria, Pertussis/whooping cough and tetanus), Hepatitis A and Hib vaccines.
Question 3: Consider the following statement with reference to Egyptian vultures, which was in news recently:
- It is the largest among all the vultures.
- It is an endangered species as per IUCN’s Red data book.
- It is also called as white scavengers
Choose the correct answer.
- 1 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
- All are correct
Question 4: Consider the following statements with reference to Bele-II experiment which was in news recently:
- Belle-II is designed to study violations of the Standard Model of particle physics.
- Belle-II experiment is being conducted at IISC ,Bangalore
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
“Proper Current Affairs preparation is the key to success in the UPSC- Civil Services Examination. We have now launched a comprehensive ‘Online Current Affairs Crash Course’. Limited seats available. Click here to Know More.”
Practice More: Enroll for India’s Largest All-India Test Series