A. GS1 Related:
B. GS2 Related:
C. GS3 Related:
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
D. GS4 Related:
Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs
A. GS1 Related
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- Union Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Sanjay Gandhi made a pitch for the introduction of packets of fortified, ready-to-serve meals to tackle malnutrition.
- ‘Feed the Future Now’: a campaign by the NGO Akshaya Patra Foundation that aims to serve five billion meals to children across India by 2020 was flagged off by the Minister.
- Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients (essential trace elements and vitamins) to food. It may be a purely commercial choice to provide extra nutrients in a food
- As outlined by the FAO, the most common fortified foods are:
- Cereals and cereal based products
- Milk and Milk products
- Fats and oils
- Accessory food items
- Tea and other beverages
- Infant formulas
- The Union Health Ministry has confirmed that three cases of Zika were reported from Ahmedabad.
- Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti in tropical regions.
- Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening.
- This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
- Sexual transmission of Zika virus is also possible.
- Other modes of transmission such as blood transfusion are being investigated.
- The World Health Organization report: Japan’s average life expectancy at birth is 83.7 years (Men : 80.5 years, Women: 86.8 years)
- The global average male life expectancy is 69.1 years, 73.8 years for women and 71.4 for both sexes combined.
- Rice, vegetables, fish and meat are staples of the Japanese diet.
- Japanese consume more fish than the norm in most other nations.
- Pickled, fermented and smoked foods are also common.
- Fermented foods, in particular, support a healthy digestive system. Soybeans in the form are another key part of any meal.
- Overall, Japanese cuisine is low in calories and saturated fats, a significant factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- 1950’s and 1960’s policy: Childhood vaccination programmes, the introduction of universal health insurance, campaigns to reduce salt consumption, free treatment for TB and the widespread use of medication to reduce blood pressure.
- Regular medical check-ups.
Cultural and Social factors:
- Social cohesion: strong group orientation in Japan prevents the elderly and the economically less well-off from feeling the kind of social alienation linked to bad health.
- Sense of rootedness and community belonging that develops positive emotions, vital to well-being
- Active lifestyle of many elderly Japanese: Retirees often continue working by choice in a voluntary or part-time capacity.
- Senior citizens directing traffic at parking lots, guiding schoolchildren to cross roads safely, or taking tourists around sightseeing spots are all common sights.
- Two genes – DNA 5178 and ND2-237Met genotype, help Japanese live longer, by protecting them against certain adult onset diseases.
- Japan’s is one of the world’s most rapidly ageing societies. Over a quarter of the population is already 65 or older.
- Two decades of economic stagnation and a shrinking working age population are threatening the financial and social underpinnings of universal healthcare.
- Prolonging “healthy life expectancy” and figuring out how to pay the bill for it are both tough challenges.
- India announced a $500 million line of credit to Mauritius.
- The two countries decided to firm up cooperation in the field of maritime security in the Indian Ocean region , trade and investment.
Maritime security agreement:
- The two countries inked a maritime agreement
- Focus area:
- Fight against piracy that impacts trade and tourism, trafficking of drugs and humans, illegal fishing, and other forms of illegal exploitation of marine resources.
- Strengthen wide-ranging cooperation in hydrography for a secure and peaceful maritime domain.
Other decisions taken:
- Extend the operational life of Coast Guard ship Guardian, that was given by India to Mauritius under a grant assistance programme.
- During Mr. Modi’s visit to Mauritius in March 2015, Mr. Modi had commissioned offshore patrol vessel (OPV) Barracuda, built and financed by India, into the Mauritian Coast Guard.
- The United Arab Emirates, one of the largest employers of Indians in the Gulf, has raised a red flag with the Ministry of External Affairs over the government’s flagship eMigrate programme.
- It claims it to be a sovereignty issue.
- Other Gulf countries, including Saudi Arabia, had also raised issues with the eMigrate system as soon as it was launched.
- More than five million Indian nationals work in Gulf countries with a majority of them hired as blue-collar workers in labour intensive sectors including construction, industrial sector, transport, supply and service sectors.
What is eMigrate programme?
- MEA’s Overseas Affairs department in 2015 set up a database initiative called the eMigrate programme
- It gathers extensive information on emigrants as well as foreign employers, their companies and recruiting agents.
- India wants to build a databank to extract information about these companies in the UAE. We consider this a breach of our sovereignty.
- eMigrate programme’s mandate to inspect premises of UAE companies.
World Bank study on emigrants and remittances worldwide 2017:
- India retained its top position as a recipient of remittances
- But it saw the biggest year-on-year decline of 8.9% in 2016.
- In 2014 India received $69.6 billion in remittances, which dipped to $68.9 billion in 2015 and fell to $62.7 billion last year.
- Measures taken by government like eMigrate programme in 2015 and a system of Minimum Referral Wages (MRW) in 2014, have made Indian labour much more difficult to hire by foreign employers.
India’s loss has been its neighbours’ gain:
- Countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, etc. don’t have any kind of restrictions, recruiters and contractors find it easier to hire employees.
- In 2015, of the three countries India accounted for 37% of the labour, Pakistan accounted for 44%, while Bangladesh accounted for just 19%.
However, in the first three months of 2017, Bangladesh has reversed that trend and now accounts for 51% of the South Asian labour output to Gulf countries.
Highlights of G7 meet
- The 43rd G7 summit was held on May 26–27, 2017 in Taormina (ME), Sicily, Italy
- S. President Donald Trump backed a pledge to fight protectionism on, but refused to endorse a global climate change accord, saying he needed more time to decide.
- The Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The European Union is also represented within the G7.
- These countries are the seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary Fund: the G7 countries represent more than 64% of the net global wealth ($263 trillion).
- A very high net national wealth and a very high Human Development Index are the main requirements to be a member of this group.
- The G7 countries also represent 46% of the global GDP evaluated at market exchange rates and 32% of the global purchasing power parity GDP.
C. GS3 Related
- Millions of people around the world suffer from degenerative joint diseases such as arthritis.
- Despite attempting for the last 30 years, scientists across the world have not been able to produce in the lab cartilage-like tissues that are functionally and structurally similar to cartilages seen in human knees and have load-bearing capacity.
- For the first time, Indian researchers have been able to achieve a measure of success in developing cartilages that are molecularly similar to the ones seen in human knees.
- The bioink has high concentration of bone-marrow derived cartilage stem cells, silk proteins and a few factors.
- The chemical composition of the bioink supports cell growth and long-term survival of the cells.
- The cartilage developed in the lab has remained physically stable for up to six weeks
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Question 1: Aedes aegypti transmits which among the following
- Dengue, chikungunya , yellow fever and HIV
- Dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever
- Dengue, chikungunya , yellow fever and Zika virus
- Dengue, chikungunya , yellow fever and H1N1
Question 2: Consider the following statements:
- Anopheles stephensi transmits Zika virus.
- Currently there is no vaccine for Zika
- Zika has been linked to microcephaly in the new born infants.
Choose the correct statements.
- 1 and 3
- 1 and 2
- 2 and 3
- All are correct
Question 3: What is/are the eligibility criteria’s that needs to be fulfilled, in order to be the member of a G7 group?
- A very high net national wealth
- A very high Human Development Index
- Both A and B
- Neither A nor B
Question 4: Comets appear like a small rounded match-head-like halo followed by a long tail, mainly due to which phenomenon?
- Sublimation of icy nucleus.
- Evaporation of icy nucleus.
- Condensation of icy nucleus.
- None of the above.
Question 5: Consider the following statements:
- Hodaigiri is the harvest dance associated with Reang tribes.
- Jhum cultivation is one of the primary occupations of Reang tribes.
- Majority of Reang population are literates.
Choose the correct statements.
- 1 and 3
- 1 and 2
- 2 and 3
- All are correct
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