Comprehensive List of Socio-Religious Movements, Political and Religious Ideologies

This article covers information on important socio-religious movements and their founders, important religious and political philosophies spread across the globe, ranging from ancient times to current century. These movements have played a pivotal role in shaping the world that we see today.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

List of Socio-Religious Movements, Political & Religious Philosophies – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Table of Contents

1 Socio-Religious Movements/Organisations
2 Religious & Political Philosophies / Ideologies
3 International Organisations & Founders

Socio-Religious Movements/Organisations – Founders

Socio-religious movements played a pivotal role in changing and modernising old age practices which were discriminatory against particular groups, gender or section of society.

Below Table gives list of Socio-Religious Movement and their founders

Brahmo Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Prarthana Samaj Dr Atmaram Panduran
Arya Samaj Swami Dayanand Sawaswati
Theosophical Society Madame H P Blavatsky & 

Col H S Olcott

Ramakrishna Mission Swami Vivekanand
Aligarh Movement Sir Syed Ahmed Khan & Others
Deoband Movement Muhammed Qasim Wanatavi & Rashid Ahmed Gangoli
Missionaries of Charity Mother Teresa
Home Rule Movement Annie Besant & Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
People’s Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights Jaya Prakash Narayan
Chinmaya Mission Swami Chinmayananda
People’s Education Society Dr B.R.Ambedkar
Vishwa Bharti Rabindranath Tagore
Abhinav Bharat Veer Savarkar
Chipko Sunderlal Bahuguna
Narmada Bachao Medha Patkar
Servants of India Society G K Gokhale
Servants of People Society Lala Lajpat Rai
Satyasodhak Samaj Jyotiba Phule
Servants of God or Khudai Khidmatgar Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
Van Mahotsav K M Munshi
Bhoodan Movement Vinobha Bhave
Tattvabodhini Sabha Debendranath Tagore
Dadoba Pandurang Paramhansa Sabha
Seva Sadon Behramii M Malabari
Wahabi Movement Shah Walliulah
Ahmadiyya Movement Mirza Ghulam Ahmed
Self Respect Movement E V Ramaswami Naicker

Religious & Political Philosophies/Ideologies

Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about state, liberty, government, justice, legal code etc. Religious philosophy is more concerned about nature and existence of Gods.

The below table gives list of Religious and Political Philosophies

Philosophy Founders /  Place of Origin
Vedic Philosophy India
Zoroastrianism Ancient Iran
Confucianism Confucius
Taoism Lao Tzu
Hellenistic Philosophy Ancient Greece
Platonism Plato
Modern Political Philosophy Machiavelli
Marxism Karl Marx
Fascism Italy
Nazism Germany
Liberalism John Locke

International Movements/Organisations – Founders

Some of the most famous global movements which tried to bring in a positive change in society.

Below Table gives list of international organisations and their founders.

Amnesty International Peter Benenson
Lions Club Melvin Jones
Guides Lady Agnes Baden Powell
Scouts Baden Powell
Red Cross J H Dunant

List of Socio-Religious Movements, Political & Religious Philosophies – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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