25 Sep 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

25 September 2023 CNA
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A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
1. Fukushima N-wastewater controversy
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
1. China’s challenge in Arunachal Pradesh
1. Delimitation of electoral constituencies
F. Prelims Facts
1. Osiris-Rex mission to Bennu asteroid
2. MEME in NEP
G. Tidbits
1. Five Eyes Alliance
2. Buddhavanam project
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

Nothing here for today!!!

2. MEME in NEP

Syllabus: GS 2- Governance

Prelims: National Education Policy


  • Objections raised by student and teacher organisations regarding Multiple Entry and Multiple Exit (MEME) in the National Education Policy (NEP).
  • The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Education calls for discussions with stakeholders.

Challenges with MEME Implementation

  • High annual student intake in Indian higher education institutions poses difficulties.
  • MEME could disrupt pupil-teacher ratios, as institutions can’t predict student exits and entries.
  • Uneven geographical distribution of institutions, especially in rural areas, adds complexity.

Benefits of MEME

  • MEME offers flexibility and choice in educational pathways for students.
  • Calls for comprehensive guidelines, eligibility criteria, credit transfer mechanisms, and a clear framework.
  • Suggests a standardised Credit Accumulation and Transfer (CAT) system to ease transitions between educational levels.


  • Calls for wider consultations between the Union Education Ministry, universities, regulatory bodies, and stakeholders.
  • Seeks solutions to address the challenges faced in MEME implementation.
  • The Kerala government decided not to implement MEME in state colleges and universities.

G. Tidbits

1. Five Eyes Alliance

  • Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s allegations against the Indian government regarding the assassination of a Sikh Canadian were based on information shared within the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance.
  • The ‘Five Eyes’ alliance consists of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the U.K., and the U.S., collaborating on intelligence sharing.
  • U.S. Ambassador David Cohen confirmed the use of shared intelligence by Canada in making these allegations.
  • A Canadian official had previously mentioned that the allegations were supported by surveillance of Indian diplomats in Canada and intelligence from a major ally, without specifying the ally.

2. Buddhavanam project


  • A team from Telangana’s Buddhavanam project visited the third-century BC Buddhist rock-cut caves in Mathale, Sri Lanka.
  • The caves hold historical significance as the teachings of Lord Buddha were first written on palm leaves here.

Buddhavanam Project

  • Buddhavanam is a Buddhist heritage theme park developed by the Telangana government at Nagarjunasagar.
  • The project aims to preserve and promote Buddhist heritage.

Historical Importance

  • Previously, Buddha’s teachings known as Tripitaka (Sutr, Vinaya, and Abhidhamma pitakas) were transmitted orally.
  • Sri Lankan king Devanampiya Tissa oversaw the writing of these teachings on palm leaves, marking the birth of Buddhist literature in India.

Read more on Buddhism.

Connection with Acharya Buddhaghosha

  • Acharya Buddhaghosha, a renowned Theravada Buddhist philosopher, resided in these caves and authored Visuddhimagga.
  • The Mathale Buddha Vihara continues to operate a school in his name, honouring his scholarly contributions.

Archaeological Significance

  • The rock-cut caves, nearby monastery, and discovered artefacts indicate the historical Buddhist connections between the Telugu States and Sri Lanka.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. With reference to the Buddhavanam project in India, which of the following 
statements is correct?
  1. Buddhavanam is a massive Buddhist heritage theme park developed at Nagarjunasagar.
  2. Buddhavanam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  3. Buddhavanam is a wildlife sanctuary in India.
  4. Buddhavanam is a botanical garden in Hyderabad.

Answer: a

Explanation: Buddhavanam is a massive Buddhist heritage theme park developed by the Telangana government at Nagarjunasagar.

Q2. Consider the following statements, with reference to the Pacific Islands Forum:
  1. It is the premier political and economic organization in the region, founded in 1971.
  2. It includes 18 member countries.
  3. The Forum’s vision is for a region of peace, harmony, and prosperity.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None

Answer: c

Explanation: The Pacific Islands Forum, founded in 1971, comprises 18 member countries and envisions a region of peace and prosperity for Pacific people.

Q3. Which of the following countries is in dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh region?
  1. Iran and Kazakhstan
  2. Iran and Turkmenistan
  3. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
  4. Azerbaijan and Armenia

Answer: d

Explanation: The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is an ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, inhabited mostly by ethnic Armenians.

Q4. With reference to the "Five Eyes" intelligence-sharing alliance, which of the 
following statements is/are incorrect?
  1. The Five Eyes alliance includes the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada, and New Zealand.
  2. These partner countries share a broad range of intelligence with one another.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a

Explanation: The Five Eyes alliance comprises the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, sharing intelligence extensively.

Q5. With reference to NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission, which of the following statements is
  1. OSIRIS-REx collected a sample from asteroid Bennu.
  2. The sample collected by OSIRIS-REx is primarily composed of lunar rocks from the Earth moon.
  3. The mission aimed to study the present geological activity on the planet Venus.
  4. OSIRIS-REx is the first mission to collect samples from Mars.

Answer: a

Explanation: OSIRIS-REx collected a sample from asteroid Bennu, providing insights into the early solar system.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Discuss the border dispute between India and China over Arunachal Pradesh. (250 words, 15 marks) [GS-2; International Relations]
  2. Examine the role of delimitation in implementing the women’s reservation bill. (250 words, 15 marks)[GS-2; Polity]

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