20 Apr 2024: PIB Summary for UPSC

20 Apr 2024 PIB
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1. Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav
2. Exercise Poorvi Lehar
FIP Magazine

1. Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav

Syllabus:  GS-1, History, Art and Culture

Prelims: Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav


  • The Prime Minister will inaugurate the 2550th Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav on April 21st.
  • The event coincides with Mahaveer Jayanti and celebrates the life and teachings of Bhagwan Mahavir, the 24th Tirthankar of Jainism.

Inauguration Details

  • Date: April 21, 10 AM
  • Venue: Bharat Mandapam, New Delhi
  • Prime Minister to release a commemorative stamp and coin.
  • Address to the gathering expected.

Significance of Bhagwan Mahavir

  • Bhagwan Mahavir’s teachings emphasize principles of non-violence, truthfulness, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment.
  • Jain community celebrates five major events (Kalyanak) of every Tirthankar, including Mahavir Swami Ji.

Celebration Details

  • April 21, 2024, marks the Janma Kalyanak (Birth) of Bhagwan Mahavir Swami.
  • Cultural program organized at Bharat Mandapam to commemorate the occasion.
  • Saints from the Jain community attend, bless the congregation.


  • Bhagwan Mahavir’s teachings hold universal significance, promoting peaceful co-existence and universal brotherhood.
  • Commemorating his life and principles reinforces the values of non-violence and truthfulness in society.


2. Exercise Poorvi Lehar

Syllabus: GS-2, International relations

Prelims: Exercise Poorvi Lehar 


  • The Indian Navy conducted Exercise Poorvi Lehar on the East Coast under the Operational Control of the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.
  • The exercise aimed to validate procedures for assessing the Indian Navy’s preparedness to meet maritime security challenges in the region.

Objectives and Participants

  • Objective: Validation of procedures towards assessment of the Indian Navy’s preparedness.
  • Participants: Ships, Submarines, Aircraft, and Special Forces.

Phases of the Exercise

  • Multiple phases including combat training in a realistic scenario (Tactical Phase).
  • Conduct of various firings during the Weapon Phase to demonstrate ordnance delivery capability.
  • Operation of aircraft from diverse locations for continuous Maritime Domain Awareness.

Interoperability and Participation

  • Assets from Eastern Naval Command, Indian Air Force (IAF), Andaman & Nicobar Command, and Coast Guard participated.
  • High degree of interoperability demonstrated among the Services.

Lessons Learned

  • Valuable lessons for participating forces operating under realistic conditions.
  • Enhanced readiness to respond effectively to maritime challenges in the region.


  • Exercise Poorvi Lehar reaffirms the Indian Navy’s commitment to meeting growing security challenges in the maritime domain.
  • Demonstrates the Indian Navy’s capability to conduct complex exercises and maintain readiness for various contingencies.

Read previous PIB articles here.

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