We celebrate National Women’s Day on the occasion of Sarojini Naidu’s birthday on 13 February 1879. She was a gifted national leader, a freedom fighter, and a celebrated poet. She was known as the ‘Nightingale of India’ and ‘Bharat Kokila’. Her birth anniversary was chosen to commemorate Indian women and their contribution to the nation in every sphere of life.
Candidates can get the List of Women Freedom Fighters who played an important role in the independence struggle at the linked article.
She is an important Indian leader and writer, hence, to know more about National Women’s Day in the context of the IAS Exam, read on.
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About Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu has written several poems based on the themes of love, religion, romance, patriotism and tragedy. She was also a freedom fighter and the first woman governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh.
Moreover, in 1925 she was elected as President of the Indian National Congress because of her educational abilities and political acumen. She participated in the Quit India movement and was imprisoned for 21 months. Sarojini Naidu was also a contributor to the constitution.
She was born in Hyderabad, to a Bengali Brahmin family and her family traces its ancestry to Bangladesh. Sarojini Naidu completed her education in Chennai and moved on to London and Cambridge for higher studies. She died on 2 March 1949 at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh of a heart attack.
Some of her literary works include:
- Golden Threshold (1905)
- Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
- The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death, and the Spring
- The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring
- The Gift of India
- The Indian Weavers
- The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India
National Women’s Day in India
We celebrate National Women’s Day in India to observe the cultural, social, political and economic achievements of women in India.
Government departments around the country recognise her work and contribution. They hold events and remember her leadership.
Also, read International Women’s Day – March 8th, 1975 [This Day in History]
National Women’s Day 2022
National Women’s Day 2023 was celebrated on 13th February 2023 this year that marks the 144th birth anniversary of Smt. Sarojini Naidu.
Thus, women’s day is an important celebration in the history of our nation. It empowers women and recognises their contribution to society. In that context learn more about National Women’s Day from the various news portals for the UPSC exam.
For daily current affairs topics, follow BYJU’S.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who was Sarojini Naidu’s husband?
Sarojini Naidu’s husband’s name is Paidipati Govindarajulu Naidu.
Where was Sarojini Naidu born?
She was born in Hyderabad.
When is National Women’s Day?
National Women’s Day is celebrated on 13th February in honour of Sarojini Naidu’s birthday.