The Central Government of India has approved a new programme called the “New India Literacy Programme” for the fiscal years 2022 – 2027, which would include all elements of adult education and will be in line with the National Education Policy 2020.
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About New India Literacy Programme
Non-literates aged 15 years and up will be covered by the scheme in all states and UTs across the country. In conjunction with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), National Council of Educational Research and Training.
(NCERT), and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), the aim for Foundational Numeracy and Literacy for financial years 2022 – 2027 is 5 (five) crore students at 1 crore each year using the “Online Teaching, Learning, and Assessment System (OTLAS).” Volunteerism in the form of online volunteering will be used to carry out the scheme. Face-to-face training, orientation, and workshops for volunteers are all possible. All materials and resources must be made available in digital format. The idea will be implemented through a school. Schools will be used to perform beneficiary and volunteer teacher surveys.
Objectives of the Scheme
To impart not just core literacy and numeracy, but also other skills that a citizen of the twenty-first century needs, such as:
- Critical life skills: including but not limited to commercial skills, financial literacy, digital literacy, child care and education, health care and awareness, as well as family welfare.
- Vocational skills’ development: with the intent of discovering work in his/her area.
- Basic education: includes equivalency for the preparatory, middle, as well as secondary stages.
- Continuing education: including interesting holistic adult learning courses in the arts, sciences, technology, culture, games, and leisure, as well as other areas of interest or utility to local learners, like advanced content on important life skills.
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Other Empowering Initiatives of the Government
- Samagra Shiksha Scheme: It is an integrated school education plan that runs from pre-school to class XII, with the goal of ensuring inclusive and equitable educational quality at all tiers.
- National Digital Literacy Mission: By the year 2020, it seeks to provide at least one member in each household with critical digital literacy skills.
- Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan: This is one of the country’s greatest efforts aimed at making people technologically literate.
- Digital India Programme: It brings together a variety of ongoing programmes by reorganising and refocusing them, and then putting them into action in a coordinated manner.
- National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC): Its goal is to encourage the formation of large, high-quality, for-profit vocational institutions in order to foster skill development. It functions as a stimulus for skill development by making available funds to firms, organisations, and companies that give skill training.
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According to the 2011 Census, the total number of illiterates in the country aged 15 years and above is 25.76 crore of which 9.08 crore are males and 16.68 crores, females. In addition to this, it is believed that roughly 18.12 crore adults in India are still illiterate, despite the fact that the number of people certified as literates increased by 7.64 crores within the Saakshar Bharat initiative, which ran from 2009-2010 to 2017-2018. Genuine empowerment of the people is required. Youngsters and working adults around the world should be able to learn to read and write thanks to educational institutions around the world. As parallel parts, national educational programs must include schooling for youngsters and literacy development for adults.
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