Sadbhavana Diwas

Our nation will celebrate Sadbhavana Diwas 2022 to commemorate Rajiv Gandhi’s 78th birth anniversary this year. As a mark of respect to the late former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, India observes Sadbhavana Diwas on August 20 every year. In 1992, a year after Rajiv Gandhi’s death, Congress instituted the Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award.

This article will provide information on Sadbhavana Diwas in the context of IAS Exam.

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Importance of Sadbhavana Diwas

  • Sadbhavana Diwas day is celebrated to promote national unity, peace, empathy, and communal harmony amid Indians of all faiths.
  • In English, ‘Sadbhavana’ translates to ‘goodwill.’ Sadbhavana Diwas’ key theme is to encourage national unity and social goodwill across people of various faiths and cultures.
  • In honour of his birth anniversary, close family members of Rajiv Gandhi and senior Congress officials pay tributes to him. They lay wreaths on Veer Bhoomi, the site where he was cremated.
  • On Sadbhavana Diwas in India, numerous cultural events and contests are held across states.
  • Sadhbhavna Diwas is also related to the maintenance of greenery, beauty of nature, environmental protection, and biodiversity conservation.
  • The main goal of many events on Sadbhavana Diwas is to promote consciousness among citizens about these critical environmental challenges.
  • Planting saplings is also proposed on this day.

About Rajiv Gandhi

  • Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was born on August 20, 1944, the Sadbhavana Diwas Date.
  • He served as prime minister from 1984 to 1989.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was the youngest Prime Minister in the history of the country.
  • He was 40 when he became the Prime Minister.
  • He was the grandson of the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • India’s first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, was his mother.
  • Rajiv Gandhi became prime minister following the assassination of his mother, Indira Gandhi.
  • Rajiv Gandhi, the country’s youngest prime minister, sought to foster communal harmony, national integrity, and peace inside India and was considered a Goodwill Ambassador to the rest of the world.
  • His thought was modern since he was a young man, and he pioneered the concept of a developed nation through various national and international enterprises.
  • He made significant contributions to the country’s progress.
  • In 1986, he launched a National Policy on Education to reform and enhance higher education institutions throughout India.
  • In 1986, he established the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya System, a centralized government school, to improve the rural segment of society by offering free schooling from the sixth to the twelfth grades.
  • His efforts resulted in the establishment of MTNL in 1986 and the establishment of public call offices (PCOs) for the provision of telephones in rural regions.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by a suicide bomber of the LTTE while campaigning for the elections in 1991.
  • After his death, he was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.

Sadbhavana Diwas Pledge

Sadbhavana Diwas is observed with optimism and warmth throughout the country.

On this day, citizens around the country make the following pledge:

“I take this solemn pledge that I will work for the emotional oneness and harmony of all the people of India regardless of caste, region, religion, or language. I further pledge that I shall resolve all differences among us through dialogue and constitutional means without resorting to violence.”

Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award

As a tribute to former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, the All India Congress Committee established the Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award in 1992. Each year, this award is granted to people who have dedicated their lives to learning and encouraging social peace. This award includes a citation and a monetary prize of Rs 10 lakh.

Here is the list of former Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award winners:

List of Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award winners

Awarded In The Year

Name

Significance/Contribution to the Society

1995

Jagan Nath Kaul

Social welfare administrator, Founder of SOS Children’s Village of India

1996

Lata Mangeshkar

Indian playback singer

1998

Sunil Dutt

Actor, Politician, Peace Activist

2000

Kapila Vatsyayan

Art and History scholar

2003

S. N. Subba Rao

Founder of national youth project

2004

Swami Agnivesh

Founder of Arya Sabha, worked against bonded labour

2006

Nirmala Deshpande

Social activist, worked for the upliftment of women, tribals, and weaker sections of the society

2007

Hem Dutta

Communal harmony activist from Assam

2008

N Radhakrishnan

Social worker, writer, and professor

2009

Gautam Bhai

Social activist, member of Paunar Ashram

2010

Wahiduddin Khan

Islamic Scholar, Peace Activist

2011

SPIC MACAY

Promotes Indian Classical Music and culture among the youth

2012

D. R. Mehta

Founder of Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti, Jaipur that offers free limbs for the handicap

2013

Amjad Ali Khan

Musician

2014

Muzaffar Ali

Film Maker

2016

Shubha Mudgal

Singer

2017

Mohammad Azharuddin

M.Gopala Krishna

Former Cricketer

Retired IAS Officer

2018

Gopalkrishna Gandhi

Communal Harmony, Peace, and Goodwill

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